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Babbage, Charles (1791–1871), mathematician and computer pioneer, was the first son born to Benjamin Babbage (d. 1827), a well-to-do London banker, and Elizabeth (Betsy, Betty) Plumleigh Teape (d. 1844). Confusion has surrounded both the year and place of Babbage's birth. This confusion is not an invention of modern historiography but dates back to the last century since when ...

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Charles Babbage (1791–1871) by Antoine Claudet, c. 1847–51 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barron, David William (1935–2012), computer scientist, was born at 277 Brownhill Drive, Blackburn, on 9 January 1935, the only son and the youngest of three children of George William Barron (1900–1962) and his wife, Mary, née Whalley, both schoolteachers. He attended Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Blackburn...

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Buxton, John Noel (1933–2009), computer scientist, was born on 25 December 1933 in Shipley Hospital, 90 Kirkgate, Shipley, Yorkshire, the eldest child of John William Buxton, journalist, and his wife, Laura Frances, née Whitehead. At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...

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Byron, (Augusta) Ada [married name (Augusta) Ada King, countess of Lovelace] (1815–1852), mathematician and computer pioneer, was born on 10 December 1815 at 13 Piccadilly Terrace, London, the only child of George Gordon Noel Byron, sixth Baron Byron (1788–1824), poet, and his wife, ...

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(Augusta) Ada Byron (1815–1852) by Margaret Sarah Carpenter, 1836 © Crown copyright in photograph: UK Government Art Collection

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Caminer, David Tresman (1915–2008), computing systems engineer, was born David Solomon Treisman on 26 June 1915 in Hackney, London, the only son of Henry Jacob (Jack) Treisman (1892–1918), tailor, and his wife, Rachel (Raie), née Simmons (1891–1982), milliner. Following his mother's remarriage, to ...

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Cole, Michael (1928–2008), scientist and inventor, was born on 18 October 1928 at 27 Welbeck Street, Marylebone, London, the oldest child in the family of two sons and one daughter of Captain Awdry Valentine Connor (Henry) Cole (formerly Witkowsky), and his second wife, ...

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Cropper [née Trueman], Dame Hilary Mary (1941–2004), businesswoman, was born on 9 January 1941 at 6 Oldham Street, Bollington, near Macclesfield, Cheshire, the daughter of Arnold Trueman, a commercial clerk then serving as an aircraftsman second class in the RAF, and his wife, ...

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Dame Hilary Mary Cropper (1941–2004) by Terry O'Neill, c. 2000 Getty Images