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Bradshaw, Anthony David [Tony] (1926–2008), evolutionary biologist and restoration ecologist, was born at 214 Kew Road, Richmond, Surrey, on 17 January 1926, the youngest of three sons of Harold Chalton Bradshaw (1893–1943), architect, and his wife, Mary Norah Lupton, née Taylor (1890–1967), archaeologist. At the time of his birth registration his family lived at ...

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Cushing, David Henry (1920–2008), marine ecologist, was born on 14 March 1920 at 10 Prudhoe Street, Alnwick, Northumberland, the son of William Ewart Wittrick Cushing (1891–1980), schoolmaster, and his wife, Isobel, née Batchelder (1892–1988). He attended Duke's School, Alnwick, and the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle upon Tyne...

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Kenneth Mellanby

revised by V. M. Quirke

Darling, Sir Frank Moss Fraser (1903–1979), ecologist, was born Frank Moss Darling, on 23 June 1903 at 3 Soresby Street, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, the son of Harriet Ellse Cowley Darling. No father's name was entered on his birth certificate. However, on his first and third marriage certificates ...

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Elton, Charles Sutherland (1900–1991), animal ecologist, was born on 29 March 1900 at Withington, Manchester, the youngest of the three children, all sons, of Oliver Elton (1861–1945), literary scholar and translator, and his wife, Letitia Maynard (1865–1948), writer, daughter of the Revd Dugald MacColl...

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Charles Sutherland Elton (1900–1991) self-portrait, 1968 © reserved; collection Corpus Christi College, Oxford; photograph News International Syndication / National Portrait Gallery, London

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English, Mary Phyllis (1919–2009), mycologist and historian, was born on 10 April 1919 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaya, the eldest child of Marcus Claude English (1886–1958), rubber planter, and his wife, Gladys Nellie, née Cubitt (1891–1979). In 1926 she was sent back to England...

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Fish, Sir Hugh (1923–1999), environmental chemist and water manager, was born on 6 January 1923 in Woodlesford, Yorkshire, the second son and second of the four children of Leonard Mark Fish (d. 1963), a naval seaman and Post Office employee, and his wife, ...

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Fogg, Gordon Elliot [Tony] (1919–2005), botanist and ecologist, was born on 26 April 1919 at Langar, near Bingham, Nottinghamshire, the eldest of four children of Leslie Charles Fogg, Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Doris Mary, née Elliott. His early schooling was complicated by his father's frequent moves between circuits as a Methodist minister, from ...

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Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist, was born on 13 October 1925 at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Herbert Fowden (1878–1960), an iron turner at Turner Brothers, ironfounders, and his wife, Amy Dorothy (1891–1960), a cotton minder and daughter of ...

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Frankland [née Brown], Juliet Camilla (1929–2013), mycologist, was born on 30 January 1929 at High Barn Eaves, Effingham, Dorking, Surrey, the younger daughter of Walter Henry Brown (1893/4–1956), a civil servant in the Ministry of Works, and his wife, Gerda Lois, née...