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Arthur Aikin (1773–1854) by William Brockedon, 1826 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, Arthur (1773–1854), natural scientist and author, was born on 19 May 1773 at Warrington, Lancashire, the eldest son of John Aikin (1747–1822) and his wife, Martha (c.1746–1830), daughter of Arthur Jennings of Cheapside, London. His brothers were Charles Rochemont Aikin...

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Ainsworth, William Francis (1807–1896), geographer and geologist, was born on 9 November 1807, in Exeter, the third son of John Ainsworth of Rostherne, Cheshire, army officer. At the suggestion of his cousin, the novelist William Harrison Ainsworth, he adopted the additional forename Francis...

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[Anon.]

revised by Anita McConnell

Allan, Thomas (1777–1833), mineralogist, was born at Edinburgh on 17 July 1777, the eldest of ten children born to Robert Allan (1745–1818), a partner in Allan and Stewart, bankers and merchants, and proprietor of the Caledonian Mercury, and his wife, Anne, daughter of ...

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Allen, Percival [Perce] (1917–2008), geologist and sedimentologist, was born on 15 March 1917 into a large family in Brede, near Hastings, Sussex, the son of Norman William Allen, grocer and draper, and his wife, Mildred Kathleen, née Hoad. He was educated at Rye grammar school...

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Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913), ophthalmic surgeon and vulcanologist, was born on 7 December 1846 at 17 Stonegate, York, the elder son and eldest of the three children of William Charles Anderson, surgeon of York, and his wife, Sarah Ellen Hall. Educated at St Peter's School, York...

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Ansted, David Thomas (1814–1880), geologist, was born on 5 February 1814 in London, the son of William Ansted. He was educated at a private school, and at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1836 and was elected a fellow in 1840. He was appointed professor of geology at ...

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L. R. Cox

revised by J. H. Callomon

Arkell, William Joscelyn (1904–1958), geologist, was born in Highworth, Wiltshire, on 9 June 1904, the youngest of a family of seven of James Arkell, brewer, and his wife, a talented artist, Laura Jane, daughter of Augustus William Rixon, a London solicitor. From an early age ...

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William Joscelyn Arkell (1904–1958) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Artis, Edmund Tyrell (bap. 1789, d. 1847), geologist and archaeologist, was baptized on 11 September 1789 in Saxmundham, Suffolk, the eldest in the family of three sons and three daughters of James Artis, carpenter, and his wife, Mary Tyrell Watling. Little is known of his childhood, though it is said he developed a talent for drawing at an early age. At sixteen he went to work for his uncle, a ...