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Akers, Sir Wallace Alan (1888–1954), chemist and industrialist, was born on 9 September 1888 at Walthamstow, the second child of Charles Akers, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Ethelreda Brown. He was educated at Lake House School in Bexhill, and at Aldenham School...

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Allen, Sir Peter Christopher (1905–1993), chemist and industrialist, was born at Mawmead, Ashtead, Surrey, on 8 September 1905, the son of Sir Ernest King Allen (1864–1937), barrister and later assistant public trustee, and his wife, Florence Mary, née Gellatly. After Harrow School (1919–24) he studied natural sciences at ...

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Allhusen, Christian Augustus Henry (1806–1890), chemical manufacturer, was born on 2 December 1806 in Kiel, Germany, the fourth son in the family of five sons and two daughters of Carl Christian Allhusen, merchant of Kiel, and his wife, Anna Margaretha Schroder. The French occupation of ...

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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

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Bain, Sir Frederick William (1889–1950), chemist and industrialist, was born on 22 March 1889 at Macduff, Banffshire, the son of James Bain, agent for the Macduff Commercial Company, and his wife, Isabella Strachan. Educated at the Banff Academy, he was only seventeen when the death of his father put an end to his hopes of a university career. He moved with his mother and younger sister to ...

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Baker, William Garrard (bap. 1815, d. 1902), manufacturing chemist, baptized at Chelmsford, Essex, was the eldest of five sons (there were also two daughters) of William Baker, a chemist and druggist in Chelmsford. Baker's early life and education remain obscure and it seems likely that he was educated locally before being, as he himself recalled, apprenticed to his father. When he was qualified, he went to ...

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Battley, Richard (bap. 1772, d. 1856), apothecary and manufacturing chemist, was baptized on 26 September 1772 at Wakefield, Yorkshire, the second son of John Battley, an architect of local repute, and his wife, Ruth Gledhill. After attending Wakefield grammar school, he was privately trained for medicine by a doctor in the town. He then moved to ...

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C. H. Desch

revised by John Bosnell

Beilby, Sir George Thomas (1850–1924), industrial chemist, was born in Edinburgh on 17 November 1850, the youngest son of George Thomas Beilby MD and his wife, Rachel, daughter of the Revd Jonathan Watson, minister of Dublin Street Baptist Church, Edinburgh. He was educated at private schools and at ...

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Bide, Sir Austin Ernest (1915–2008), chemist and industrialist, was born at 3 Blithfield Street, Kensington, London, on 11 September 1915, the son of Ernest Arthur Bide (1886/7–1918) and his wife, Eliza, née Young (1884–1976). He was brought up by his mother after his father, a gardener who had become a lance bombardier in the ...

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Boot, Jesse, first Baron Trent (1850–1931), retail and manufacturing chemist, was born in Nottingham on 2 June 1850, the only son of John Boot (1815–1860), a medical herbalist newly arrived from the country, and his second wife, Mary, daughter of Benjamin Wills of ...