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Berkeley, Randal Thomas Mowbray Rawdon, eighth earl of Berkeley (1865–1942), physical chemist and landowner, was born on 31 January 1865 at Ixelles, Brussels, the third son—but the only one born after his parents' marriage—of George Lennox Rawdon Berkeley (1827–1888) and his wife, Cécile (...

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Guthrie, Frederick (1833–1886), chemist and physicist, was born on 15 October 1833 in Bayswater, London, youngest of the six children of Alexander Guthrie, a tailor. Francis Guthrie, who distinguished himself as a mathematician in South Africa, was an older brother. Guthrie's early interest in chemistry was stimulated by ...

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Robertson, Alexander (1896–1970), organic chemist and farmer, was born on 12 February 1896 on a farm at Charlesfield, Auchterless (on the Hatton estate), Aberdeenshire, the son of Andrew Robertson, farmer, and his wife, Jane Cantlay. Robertson was the eldest of three children; his twin sisters predeceased him. He was educated at the ...

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Sir William Kershaw Slater (1893–1970) by Walter Stoneman, 1951 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Slater, Sir William Kershaw (1893–1970), chemist and agricultural administrator, was born in Oldham on 19 October 1893, the only child of James Slater (d. 1922), cotton mill manager, and his wife, Mary Ann Kershaw, who came from a Yorkshire farming family. As a child, he suffered severely from asthma, and on his doctor's recommendation was sent to live with the proprietor of a small private school in ...

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G. A. J. Cole

revised by V. E. Chancellor

Solly, Edward (1819–1886), chemist, agronomist, and antiquary, was born, probably in London, on 11 October 1819, the son of Edward Solly (c.1790–c.1847), a wealthy Baltic timber merchant of Berlin and St Mary Axe, London. Sarah Solly, who made a significant bequest to the ...