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Allin, John (1623–1683), nonconformist minister and alchemist, was born on 13 October 1623 in Wrentham, Suffolk, the son of the Revd John Allen, or Allin (c. 1596–1671), and his first wife, Margaret, née Morse (c.1598–1653). At the time of Allin's birth his father was the curate in ...

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Anthony, Francis (1550–1623), alchemist and physician, was born on 16 April 1550, probably in London, the eldest son of Derrick Anthony (c.1522–1599), goldsmith, and his first wife, Elizabeth Erley (d. c.1558), daughter of Richard Erley or Ellerick of Lincolnshire...

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Ashton, Sir Thomas (c. 1403–c. 1460), alchemist, was the son of Sir John Ashton (d. 1427) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and his first wife, Jane Saville. His half-brother was Sir Ralph Ashton. Sir John's career in public office and the service of the house of ...

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Atwood [née South], Mary Anne (1817–1910), interpreter of alchemy, was born at Dieppe in 1817, the daughter of Thomas South (c.1785–1855), gentleman, of Bury House, Gosport, Hampshire, and his wife, Elise, née Maurice. She received no formal education but became proficient in Latin and Greek and developed a 'rare and extraordinary knowledge of the classics' (...

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Mary Anne Atwood (1817–1910) by unknown photographer, c. 1890 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ayton, William Alexander (1816–1909), Church of England clergyman and alchemist, was born on 28 April 1816 in the Bloomsbury district of London, the son of William Capon Ayton. He was educated at the Charterhouse School, London, and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1841. In the same year he took holy orders and he was ordained priest the following year. From 1850 to 1873 he held a series of rural livings in the midlands, and was then appointed vicar of ...

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Backhouse, William (1593–1662), alchemist and antiquary, was born on 17 January 1593, probably at Swallowfield, Berkshire, the youngest of the four sons of Samuel Backhouse (d. 1626), landowner, and his wife, Elisabeth (d. 1630), daughter of John Borlase of Little Marlow...

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Blomefylde [Blomefield], Myles (1525–1603), medical practitioner and alchemist, was born on 5 April 1525 in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, the son of John Blomefilde and his wife, Anne. He is said to have been a scholar at St John's College, Cambridge, but records show only that in 1552 the university awarded him a licence to practise medicine. His father died in 1549, leaving him and his mother as executors of a small estate. By 1559 he must have married and been resident in ...

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Blomfild [Blomefield], William (fl. 1529–1574), alchemist and priest, was born in Bury St Edmunds. He was a Benedictine monk and priest at Bury in his youth. In 1529 he was questioned at London regarding certain protestant tenets (which he abjured) although he seems later in life to have gravitated towards Calvinism. In 1543, at which time he was living in ...

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Charnock, Thomas (1524x6–1581), alchemist, was born in Faversham, Kent, according to his own statement at various times, in 1524, or 1525 or 1526. A self-styled 'unlettered Scholar' (Ashmole, 287), Charnock apparently received little formal education but by the time he was twelve had begun a lifelong involvement with alchemy. His uncle, ...