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Peter Medawar

revised by L. Wolpert

Abercrombie, Michael (1912–1979), biologist, was born at The Gallows, Ryton, Dymock, Gloucestershire, on 14 August 1912, the third son in the family of three sons and a daughter of Lascelles Abercrombie (1881–1938), poet and critic, and his wife, Catherine (1881–1968), daughter of Owen Gwatkin...

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Arnott, Struther (1934–2013), molecular biologist and university principal, was born at 39 Burnhead Road, Larkhall, Lanarkshire, on 25 September 1934, the son of Charles McCann, a farmer, and Christina Struthers Arnott (1900–1965), an honours graduate in chemistry and mathematics who later became a schoolteacher. He was educated at ...

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Bateson, William (1861–1926), biologist, was born on 8 August 1861 in St Hilda's Terrace, Ruswarp, near Whitby, Yorkshire, the second of six children of William Henry Bateson (1812–1881), master of St John's College, Cambridge, and his wife, Anna Aikin (1829–1918), daughter of James Aikin (1792–1878)...

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William Bateson (1861–1926) by Vernon Henry Mottram, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Berkeley [formerly Bergtheil; née Dunington], Edith (1875–1963), marine biologist, was born on 1 September 1875 in Tulbagh, Cape of Good Hope, the older daughter of Alfred Dunington, civil engineer, and his wife, Martha Treglohan (c.1837–c.1927). Having spent her early childhood abroad, and having had private tutors in the ...

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Beverton, Raymond John Heaphy (1922–1995), biologist and scientific administrator, was born Raymond John Heaphy Bareham on 29 August 1922 at 5 Forest Glade, Leytonstone, east London, the only child of Edgar John Bareham (1882–1968), commercial artist, and his wife, Dorothy Sybil Mary Heaphy (1891–1982)...

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Bidder, George Parker (1863–1953), marine biologist, was born on 21 May 1863 in Kensington, London, the elder son of George Parker Bidder QC (1836–1896), of Lincoln's Inn, amateur astronomer and cryptographer, and his wife, Anna, second daughter of John Robinson McClean, civil engineer and MP. ...

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Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858–1937) by unknown photographer, 1930 © Classic Image / Alamy

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Bose, Sir Jagadish Chandra [Jagadis Chunder] (1858–1937), physicist and biologist, was born in the district of Vikrampur, close to Dacca, Bengal, India, on 30 November 1858, the son of Bhagaban Chandra Bose, deputy magistrate of neighbouring Faridpur, and his wife, Bamasundari. Though a Hindu, his father was one of the early members of the Western-influenced Hindu reform movement known as Brahmoism, along with his more traditionally Hindu wife....

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Bradshaw, Anthony David [Tony] (1926–2008), evolutionary biologist and restoration ecologist, was born at 214 Kew Road, Richmond, Surrey, on 17 January 1926, the youngest of three sons of Harold Chalton Bradshaw (1893–1943), architect, and his wife, Mary Norah Lupton, née Taylor (1890–1967), archaeologist. At the time of his birth registration his family lived at ...