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Abraham, Sir Edward Penley (1913–1999), biochemist, was born at 47 Southview Road, Southampton, on 10 June 1913, the son of Albert Penley Abraham, a customs and excise officer, and his wife, Mary Abraham, née Hearne. Educated at King Edward VI School, Southampton, and ...

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Sir Edward Penley Abraham (1913–1999) by Wolfgang Suschitzky, 1944 [Oxford scientists [left to right]: , Wilson Baker, and Sir Ernst Chain (1906-1979), Sir Robert Robinson (1886–1975)] © Wolfgang Suschitzky / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

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Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s © reserved; National Institute of Medical Research

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Baddiley, Sir James [Jim] (1918–2008), biochemist, was born on 15 May 1918, at Glencoin, Fog Lane, Didsbury, Manchester, the second of four children of James Baddiley (1885–1951), an industrial chemist, and his wife, Ivy (d. 1966), daughter of Logan Cato, a watch and clock maker in ...

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Bailey, Kenneth (1909–1963), biochemist, was born on 18 August 1909 at Alsagers Bank, near Stoke upon Trent, the fourth child and elder son of Bertram Bailey, colliery clerk, and his wife, (Elizabeth) Florence Buckley. He received his early education at the Orme Boys' School, Newcastle under Lyme...

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Baldwin, Ernest Hubert Francis (1909–1969), biochemist, was born on 29 March 1909 at 167 Tredworth Road, Gloucester, the eldest son of Hubert Charles Baldwin, organist and music teacher, and of his wife, Nellie Victoria Baldwin, née Hailes. He was educated at the Crypt Grammar School, Gloucester...

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Bergel, Franz (1900–1987), biochemist, was born on 13 February 1900 in the Alsergrund quarter of Vienna, the younger child and second son of Moritz Martin Bergel, a Hungarian immigrant and wine merchant, and his wife, Barbara Betty Spitz, daughter of a carpet manufacturer. He was educated at a ...

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Blaschko, Hugh [formerly Karl Felix Hermann] (1900–1993), biochemist and pharmacologist, was born on 4 January 1900 in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, the only son and second of the three children of Alfred Blaschko (1858–1922), dermatologist and venereologist, and his wife, Johanna (1873–1943), daughter of ...

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Baruch Samuel Blumberg (1925–2011) by Paul Brason, 1993 © Paul Brason; The Master and Fellows of Balliol College, Oxford