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Buckland, Francis Trevelyan (1826–1880), pisciculturist and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Oxford, on 17 December 1826, the son of William Buckland (1784–1856), canon of Christ Church, and his wife, Mary Buckland (1797–1857), daughter of Benjamin Morland of Abingdon, Berkshire. He was baptized on 28 June 1827, in the college....

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Buckman, James (1814–1884), naturalist and agriculturist, was born on 20 November 1814 in Cheltenham, a son of John Buckman (1767–1851), shoemaker and cordwainer, and his wife, Mary Bishop (b. 1777). He was first articled to Stephen H. Murley, a Cheltenham surgeon-apothecary, who inculcated in him an interest in science. From about 1835 ...

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Clare, John (1793–1864), poet, farm labourer, and naturalist, was born on 13 July 1793 in West Street, Helpston, Northamptonshire, the son of Parker Clare (1765–1846), a thresher and local wrestler, known as 'the lame man of Helpstone', and his wife, Ann (1757–1835)...

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John Clare (1793–1864) by William Hilton, 1820 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Eyton, Thomas Campbell (1809–1880), naturalist and agriculturist, was born at Eyton Hall, Wellington, Shropshire, on 10 September 1809, the son of Thomas Eyton (1777–1855), recorder of Wenlock, and later high sheriff of Shropshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1780–1817), daughter of Major-General Donald Campbell...

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Massingham, (Harold) John (1888–1952), rural writer, was born in London on 25 March 1888, the eldest of the six children of the radical Liberal journalist Henry William Massingham (1860–1924) and his first wife, Emma Jane Snowdon (d. 1905). John Massingham won an exhibition from ...

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Sloane, Sir Hans, baronet (1660–1753), physician and collector, was born at Killyleagh, co. Down, on 16 April 1660, the seventh son of Alexander Sloane (d. 1666). His father, a protestant, was by profession agent for James Hamilton, second Viscount Claneboye and later earl of Clanbrassill...

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Sir Hans Sloane, baronet (1660–1753) by Stephen Slaughter, 1736 © National Portrait Gallery, London