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Alexander II (1198–1249), king of Scots, was born on 24 August 1198 at Haddington, the only son (there were also three daughters) of William (William the Lion), king of Scots (c. 1142–1214), and his wife, Ermengarde (d. 1233), daughter of Richard, vicomte de Beaumont-sur-Sarthe...

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Alexander III (1241–1286), king of Scots, was the only son of Alexander II (1198–1249) and Marie de Coucy (d. 1284). When Alexander II died on 8 July 1249, the Scottish crown passed to his son. Born at Roxburgh on 4 September 1241, and so aged just a little under eight years, this child was inaugurated as ...

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Alexander I (d. 1124), king of Scots, was the fifth son of Malcolm III (d. 1093) and his second wife, Margaret (d. 1093), and was possibly named after Pope Alexander II (r. 1061–73). He is presumed to have left Scotland when his father and mother died in 1093 and to have returned when his older brother ...

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Alexander I (d. 1124) seal The British Library

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Alexander III (1241–1286) seal, 1265 Scotlandsimages.com, crown copyright 2011, National Archives of Scotland, AAA02164

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Alexander II (1198–1249) seal Chapter of Durham Cathedral

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Anne (1665–1714), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, was born at St James's Palace, Westminster, on 6 February 1665. She was the fourth child and second daughter of James, duke of York (1633–1701) [see James II and VII], subsequently king of England, Scotland, and Ireland...

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Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

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Charles II (1630–1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born on 29 May 1630 at St James's Palace, London, where he was baptized on 27 June, the second (but first surviving) son of Charles I (1600–1649) and Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), the daughter of ...

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Charles I (1600–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II