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Edward Balliol (b. in or after 1281, d. 1364) regnal seal The British Library

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Balliol, Edward (b. in or after 1281, d. 1364), claimant to the Scottish throne, was the eldest son of John (John Balliol), king of Scots (c. 1248x50–1314), and Isabel, daughter of John de Warenne, sixth earl of Surrey (d. 1304). He was probably born soon after their marriage, which took place before February 1281. He had a younger brother, ...

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Brus [Bruce], Robert de [called Robert the Noble], lord of Annandale (c. 1220–1295), magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne, was a minor at the death of his father, Robert (IV) de Brus (c. 1195–1226x33) [see under Brus, Robert (II) de...

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Comyn, Sir John [called Sir John Comyn the Competitor, Red Comyn], lord of Badenoch (d. c. 1302), magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne, was the eldest son of John Comyn (d. c. 1277) and his first wife, Eva. Between about 1270 and 1275, he married ...

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See Dunbar, Patrick, eighth earl of Dunbar or of March, and earl of Moray

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Florence (V), count of Holland (1254–1296), claimant to the Scottish throne, was born at Leiden in 1254, perhaps in July, the son of William (II), count of Holland and king of the Romans (1227–1256), and Elisabeth of Brunswick (1228–1266), and grew up in an atmosphere of intrigues under changing regentships and during the early years after his coming of age in 1266. In 1268 or 1269 he married ...

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Hastings, John, first Lord Hastings (1262–1313), soldier and landowner, was born on 6 May 1262 at Allesley, Warwickshire, the eldest son and heir of Sir Henry Hastings (1235?–1269) and Joanna, sister and heir of Sir George de Cantilupe (d. 1273). He was given possession of his mother's family's castle and barony of ...

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James Francis Edward (1688–1766) by Louis-Gabriel Blanchet, 1741 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James Francis Edward [James Francis Edward Stuart; styled James; known as Chevalier de St George, the Pretender, the Old Pretender] (1688–1766), Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born at St James's Palace, Westminster, on 10 June 1688, the only surviving son of ...

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Macwilliam family (per. c. 1130–c. 1230), claimants to the Scottish throne, descended from Duncan II (r. 1094), that is, from the first marriage of Malcolm III (d. 1093) and so from the ancient line of Scottish kings. But the family took its name from the king's son, ...