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Attakullakulla (1700x12–c. 1780), leader of the Cherokee Indians, was born in the Overhill Cherokee country (present-day eastern Tennessee). His parentage is uncertain. He was known among the British colonists as the Little Carpenter because he built a strong relationship with the British. ...

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Big Bear [Mistahimaskwa] (c. 1825–1888), leader of the Plains Cree, was born north of Fort Carlton in Ruperts Land, Northwest Territories, the son of Black Powder (d. c.1864), a minor chief. His parents were of Plains Cree and Saulteaux background. Big Bear...

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Blackfish [Cottawamago, Mkahdaywaymayqua] (1729?–1779), leader of the Shawnee Indians, was born probably about 1729 in the Shawnee territory in the Ohio River valley. Of unknown parentage, Blackfish, or Cottawamago or Mkahdaywaymayqua, appears in the historical record in 1777 as the war chief of the ...

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Joseph Brant (1743–1807) by Gilbert Stuart, 1786 [detail] Collection of the Duke of Northumberland. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Brant, Joseph [Thayendanegea] (1743–1807), leader of the Mohawk Indians, was born in 1743, probably in March, in or near Cuyahoga (near present-day Akron, Ohio). His parents, Peter Tehowaghwengaraghkwin and Margaret (fl. 1735–1780), were ordinary Mohawks with limited links to the tribe's leading families....

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Brant, Molly [Konwatsi tsiaienni, Degonwadonti] (c. 1736–1796), leader of the Mohawk Indians, was born a Mohawk, one of the six native North American nations which comprised the Iroquois confederacy and whose homeland was in present-day New York state. Brant may have been born at ...

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Garakonte [Daniel Garakontié] (d. 1677), Native American leader, is of unknown parentage. He first appears in Euro-American documents in May 1654, when he led a delegation of Onondaga Iroquois to Montreal. By that time he had already achieved prominence as an orator, or ritual specialist who spoke for hereditary chiefs on public occasions. There is no evidence that he himself held a hereditary title or was a clan headman. Yet in the general ferment caused by European colonization, orators often achieved influence far beyond their traditional role....

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Hendrick [Tiyanoga, Thoyanoguen] (c. 1680–1755), leader of the Mohawk Indians, was born about 1680, the son of a Mohegan father and Mohawk mother. By 1710 he had risen to a position of prominence, holding the rank of sachem among the Mohawk and living in the village of ...

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Massasoit (c. 1600–1661), leader of the Algonquian Indians, was born near Bristol, Rhode Island. The exact date of his birth and the names of his parents are unknown. He rose to become sachem (chief) of a band of southern New England Algonquian Indians later known to the English as the Wampanoag Pokanoket. In March 1621 he entered into an alliance with a group of English separatist puritans who had established a small and vulnerable village at ...

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McGillivray, Alexander (1750–1793), American Indian leader, was born on 15 December 1750 at Little Tallassee, a Creek Indian village on the Coosa River in Upper Creek country. He was one of the three children of Lachlan McGillivray (1719–1799), prominent Scottish trader and planter...