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Æthelred II [Ethelred; known as Ethelred the Unready] (c. 966x8–1016), king of England, was the younger son of King Edgar (r. 959–75) and his wife, Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), daughter of Ealdorman Ordgar. The separate elements of his name (Æthel-ræd) mean 'noble' and 'counsel'; and although the name was in common usage, contemporaries might well have been more than usually conscious of its literal significance when applied to a king. ...

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Æthelred II (c. 966x88–1016) silver penny © Copyright The British Museum

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Æthelstan [Athelstan] (893/4–939), king of England, was the eldest son of King Edward the Elder (870s?–924), with his first wife, Ecgwynn.

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Æthelstan (893/44–939) manuscript illumination [[Left to right] and St Cuthbert (c. 635–687)] Master and Fellows of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

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Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

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Charles II (1630–1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born on 29 May 1630 at St James's Palace, London, where he was baptized on 27 June, the second (but first surviving) son of Charles I (1600–1649) and Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), the daughter of ...

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Charles I (1600–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Charles II (1630–1685) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1685 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

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Cnut [Canute] (d. 1035), king of England, of Denmark, and of Norway, was the son of Swein Forkbeard (d. 1014), king of England and of Denmark; his mother, whose name is unknown, was a sister of Boleslav of Poland, possibly widow of King Erik of the Swedes...

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Cnut (d. 1035) drawing The British Library