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Adela, countess of Blois (c. 1067–1137), princess, was in all probability the youngest daughter of William I, the Conqueror (1027/8–1087), and his queen, Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083). Adela's birth date is usually calculated as c.1060–62, but panegyric poetry written for her during adulthood suggests that her father was a crowned king at the time of her birth. It is most likely that ...

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Adelida [Adeliza] (d. before 1113), princess, was probably the eldest of the daughters of William I, the Conqueror (1027/8–1087), and Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083). As Adelida she heads most lists of the names of the Conqueror's daughters, including the one in the mortuary roll of ...

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Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I, was a daughter of Godfrey, count of Lower Lorraine and duke of Brabant (d. 1139), and his first wife, Ide, daughter of Henri (III), count of Namur. Adeliza's...

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Ælfgifu [Ælfgifu of Northampton] (fl. 1006–1036), first consort of King Cnut, was the daughter of Ælfhelm, ealdorman of southern Northumbria (d. 1006), and of Wulfrune. She belonged to a great midlands family important throughout the tenth and early eleventh centuries, and the epithet attached to her name by the late eleventh century probably reflects landholding in this area. ...

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Ælfgifu (fl. 956–966), consort of King Eadwig, was possibly a descendant of Ealdorman Æthelfrith of Mercia (fl. c.900) and of his wife, Æthelgyth, who may have been niece of Ealhswith, wife of King Alfred, and thus of Mercian royal blood. She was certainly a blood relative of ...

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Elisabeth van Houts

Ælfthryth (d. 929), princess, was the youngest of three daughters of King Alfred (d. 899) and Queen Ealhswith, daughter of Æthelred Mucel, ealdorman of the 'Gaini'. She also had two brothers. According to her father's biographer Asser, she was educated with her brother ...

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Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), queen of England, consort of King Edgar, was the daughter of Ordgar (d. 971), a powerful magnate of south-west England, and of a royally descended mother of unknown name; her brother Ordulf was founder of Tavistock Abbey. She married first, ...

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Æthelred II [Ethelred; known as Ethelred the Unready] (c. 966x8–1016), king of England, was the younger son of King Edgar (r. 959–75) and his wife, Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), daughter of Ealdorman Ordgar. The separate elements of his name (Æthel-ræd) mean 'noble' and 'counsel'; and although the name was in common usage, contemporaries might well have been more than usually conscious of its literal significance when applied to a king. ...

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Æthelred II (c. 966x88–1016) silver penny © Copyright The British Museum

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Æthelstan Ætheling [Athelstan the Atheling] (d. 1014), prince, was the eldest son of Æthelred II (c. 966x8–1016), king of England, and of Æthelred's first wife, Ælfgifu, daughter of Thored (Thorth), who held office as earl of Northumbria from c.975 to c.992. ...