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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Archer, Frederick Scott (1813–1857), inventor of the collodion process in photography, was the second son of Thomas Archer, a butcher at Hertford, where he was probably born. Orphaned as a child, he was brought up by distant relatives and friends and while still a young man was apprenticed to a silversmith and bullion dealer named ...

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Frederick Scott Archer (1813–1857) by Robert Cade, 1855 Royal Photographic Society

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Bidwell, Shelford (1848–1909), physicist and developer of telephotography, was born on 6 March 1848 at Thetford, Norfolk, the eldest son of Shelford Clarke Bidwell, brewer, of Thetford, who was married to his cousin Georgina, daughter of George Bidwell, rector of Stanton, Norfolk. Educated under the ...

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Burchett, George (1872–1953), tattoo artist, was born George Burchett Davis at 9 Toronto Terrace, Brighton, Sussex, on 23 August 1872, the eldest son in the family of twelve children of George Burchett Davis (1849/50–1923), a journeyman french polisher who became a picture frame maker and later a shopkeeper, antiques dealer, and amateur artist in the ...

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George Burchett (1872–1953) by Brian Seed, 1951 © Brian Seed / The LIFE Images Collection / Getty Images

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Antoine François Jean Claudet (1797–1867) self-portrait, c. 1851 [with his son Frank Claudet] Science & Society Picture Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Claudet, Antoine François Jean (1797–1867), photographer and inventor, was born at Château de Rosay, Lyons, France, on 12 August 1797, the son of a gentleman of independent means, who died in 1807. After receiving a sound commercial and classical education, he entered the prestigious banking firm of his uncle and was soon installed as co-director with ...

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Greene, William Friese- (1855–1921), developer of moving pictures and photographer, was born as William Edward Green on 7 September 1855 at 68 College Street, Bristol, one of seven children of James Green (b. 1816), a metalworker and goldsmith, and his wife, Elizabeth Sage (...

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William Friese- Greene (1855–1921) self-portrait, c. 1890 [series of facial expressions adopted for an experiment to analyse motion] NMPFT / Science & Society Picture Library