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Richard Arkwright (1755–1843) by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, 1813 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Blackett, Sir William, first baronet (1657–1705), landowner and mine owner, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 5 April 1657. He was the eighth child and third surviving son of Sir William Blackett, also first baronet (1621–1680), and his first wife, Elizabeth (...

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Bruce, Sir George (c. 1550–1625), mining industrialist and landowner, was probably born about 1550, the youngest of the three sons of Sir Edward Bruce (1505–1565) of Blairhall near Culross, in Perthshire, and Alison Reid of Aitkenhead, a sister of the bishop of Orkney...

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William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891) by George Frederic Watts, 1883 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Cavendish, William, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1808, in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest of the four children of William Cavendish (1783–1812) and his wife, the Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan (d. 1863), eldest daughter of ...

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Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/5050–1722) by William Aikman, 1700 in the collection of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik House

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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Cross, Herbert Shepherd (1847–1916), bleacher and landowner, was born on 1 January 1847, at Mortfield, Halliwell, Bolton, Lancashire, the third surviving son of Thomas Cross (1805–1879), a bleacher, cotton spinner, and banker, of Bolton, and his first wife, Ellen, the daughter of Joseph Mann...

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Delaval family (per. c. 1520–1752), landowners and industrialists of Hartley and Seaton Delaval, Northumberland, were descended from immigrants who arrived in England at or just after the Norman conquest and acquired land in the area of Hartley in the twelfth century. Thus by about 1219 ...