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Erik Bloodaxe [Eiríkr Blóðöx, Eiríkr Haraldsson] (d. 954), viking leader and king of Northumbria, was the son of Harald Haarfagre (‘Harald Fairhair’), king of Norway (fl. 872?–c.930). The identity of his father can be inferred from the report of version E of the ...

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See Paul [Páll Þorfinnsson]

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Hæsten [Hásteinn, Hasting] (fl. 882–893), viking leader, makes his first certain appearance in the work of two contemporary Frankish annalists, who independently reported Northmen on the Loire in 882 led by ‘A(l)stingus’, a Frankish attempt at a name the Norse form of which was probably Hásteinn; he appears as Hæsten in English sources and has sometimes been named, in Anglicized form, as Hasting. The West Frankish king ...

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Hálfdan [Healfdene] (d. 877), king of the Danes, was the brother of Ívarr inn Beinlausi (Ívarr the Boneless). The tradition that both were the sons of Ragnarr Lodbrók (Ragnarr Hairy Breeches) is unreliable. Hálfdan and his brother were among the leaders of the 'great army' that arrived in ...

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Ívarr [Ívarr inn Beinlausi, Ingwaer, Imhar] (d. 873), viking leader, is a figure the facts of whose life are difficult to disentangle from legendary accretions. In the saga tradition of the thirteenth century and later he was one of the many sons of ...

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Óláf the White [Óláfr inn Hvíti] (fl. 853–871), viking leader, was active in Ireland and northern Britain during the ninth century. His career is given in the Old Norse Landnámabók, which claims that his father was named Ingiald, and that his wife was ...

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Ragnall [Rægnald] Guthfrithson [Rögnvaldr Guðrøðarson] (fl. 943–944), viking king, was the son of Guthfrith [see under Sihtric Cáech], who had ruled at York briefly in 927 and at Dublin for most of the period from 921 until his death in 934. ...

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See Thorfinn Sigurdson [Þorfinnr Sigurðarson, Þorfinnr inn Ríki]

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Sihtric [Sigtryggr] inn Gamli (d. 871), viking leader, fought and was slain, along with his namesake, Sihtric [Sigtryggr] inn Ungi (d. 871), at the battle of Ashdown. Both men were earls (‘the Old’ and ‘the Young’ respectively) and they were among the five who jointly headed a division of the heathen army during the battle....

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See Sihtric [Sigtryggr] inn Gamli