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See Roman Britain, British leaders in

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See Roman Britain, British leaders in

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Arthur (supp. fl. in or before 6th cent.), legendary warrior and supposed king of Britain, has an attested career that is entirely posthumous. From obscure beginnings in British legend, he became internationally known in the twelfth century, particularly through the success of Geoffrey of Monmouth's...

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See Roman Britain, British leaders in

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Roman Britain, British leaders in (act. 55 bcad 84), tribal rulers, who variously opposed and allied themselves with Rome.

By the mid-first century bc, the Celtic tribes of central and eastern Gaul had developed social and political systems which supported recognizable primitive states. These peoples were ruled by elected magistrates, accountable to tribal assemblies or councils, and they had established codes of law. Kingship had been abolished among the more advanced peoples of ...

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Caratacus [Caractacus] (fl. ad 40–51), king in Britain, was a son of Cunobelinus, the greatest king in Iron Age Britain. After the death of their father about ad 40, Caratacus (this form of the name is to be preferred to Caractacus) and his brother ...

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Cartimandua [Claudia Cartimandua, Julia Cartimandua] (d. after ad 69), queen of the Brigantes, a large tribal grouping in northern Britain, was married to Venutius, with whom she quarrelled and whom she replaced after c.ad 57 with Vellocatus, his armour bearer; no offspring are known. She died after ad 69, when she lost her throne to ...

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Cassivellaunus (fl. 54 bc), king in Britain, has been characterized as the 'first British personality' because of his mention by Caesar (Stevens, 3). He may be described as the king of a powerful tribe in the patchwork of Celtic peoples inhabiting ...

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Cogidubnus [Cogidumnus, Tiberius Claudius Cogidubnus, Togidubnus] (fl. c. ad 47–70), king in Britain, is mentioned only once in Roman literature, in the Agricola of Tacitus, when he is reported to have been assigned certain tribes and to have remained loyal to Rome down to the memory of the historian. The date at which the king was given these responsibilities in the newly emergent province of ...

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Commius (fl. 57–50 bc), king of the Atrebates, was a native of Gallia Belgica, probably of the tribe of the Atrebates, and an agent of Julius Caesar. He is first mentioned in Caesar's narrative of the Gallic wars (iv.21) after the battle on the ...