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Allen, William (d. 1686), religious writer and controversialist, went to London about 1630. Nothing is known of his earlier life. In 1640 or 1641 he joined the church ministered to by John Goodwin, vicar of St Stephen, Coleman Street, London. He continued as a member when in 1645 it adopted congregational principles, and subsequently he became an elder. ...

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Anderton, James [pseud. John Brereley] (1557–1613), religious controversialist, was the eldest son of the lawyer and magistrate Christopher Anderton, and his wife, Dorothy, née Anderton. On his father's death in 1592 James inherited his large estate at Lostock near Bolton in Lancashire...

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Annet, Peter (1693–1769), religious controversialist, was born in Liverpool but nothing further is known about his background and early life. He worked for a time as a schoolmaster and developed a widely used system of shorthand that received some recognition. Joseph Priestley learned it at school and corresponded with ...

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Ashton, Thomas (bap. 1715, d. 1775), Church of England clergyman and religious controversialist, son of the Revd Francis Ashton, usher of Lancaster grammar school, was baptized on 22 May 1715 at Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire. Ashton was educated at Eton College from 1730. Intellectually precocious but socially withdrawn—he was taciturn as well as physically awkward, being both tall and ungainly—...

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Ashwardby, John (fl. c. 1380–c. 1400), theological controversialist, was admitted vicar of St Mary's, Oxford, on 26 November 1384, and had left it by July 1395; he was chancellor's commissary by 27 November 1391, by when he was doctor of theology; since the living of ...

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A. H. Bullen

revised by S. J. Skedd

Aspinwall, Edward (1678–1732), religious controversialist, was born on 1 January 1678 and baptized the same day at Aughton by Ormskirk, Lancashire, the son of Henry Aspinwall. Almost certainly born into a Roman Catholic family, he was educated at the English College at St Omer...

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Bagshaw, Edward (1629/30–1671), Independent minister and religious controversialist, was born at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Edward Bagshaw (d. 1662). After education at Westminster School, on 1 May 1646 he was elected to a studentship at Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated on 1 February 1647, aged seventeen. He graduated BA in 1649 and MA in 1651 (incorporated at ...

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Bainbrigg, Thomas (1636–1703), religious controversialist, was born in Cambridge on 26 June 1636, the son of Richard Bainbrigg and his wife, Rose (probably Rose Wilson, whom a Richard Bainbrigg married in 1631). Bainbrigg was admitted as a sizar to Trinity College, Cambridge, on 26 March 1651, was elected scholar in that year, and graduated BA in 1654–5 and became a fellow in 1656. He proceeded MA in 1661 by royal mandate. He was ordained deacon and priest in March 1664 and that year he became vicar of ...

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Bankin [Bankyn], John (fl. 1347–1387), prior of the Augustinian convent, London, and religious controversialist, is said by John Bale to have been born in London, where he entered and was educated at the Augustinian convent. By 1347 he had moved to the convent in ...

Image

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London