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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...

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Barnardiston [née Banks], Katherine, Lady Barnardiston (d. 1633), patron of puritanism, was born in the parish of St Michael-le-Querne, Paternoster Row, in the city of London, one of seven children of Thomas Banks (c.1538–c.1598), barber–surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Barnardiston, Sir Nathaniel (1588–1653), politician and ecclesiastical patron, was born at Kedington, Suffolk, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Barnardiston (d. 1610), and his first wife, Mary (d. in or before 1599), daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire. One of the oldest families in ...

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Barrington [née Williams or Cromwell], Joan, Lady Barrington (c. 1558–1641), godly matriarch and patron of clergy, was one of the eleven children of Sir Henry Williams (later Cromwell; c.1537–1604) of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and his wife, Joan (d. 1584), daughter of ...

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Bertie [née Willoughby; other married name Brandon], Katherine, duchess of Suffolk (1519–1580), noblewoman and protestant patron, was the daughter of William Willoughby, eleventh Baron Willoughby de Eresby, a baron whose holdings ran to some thirty manors in Lincolnshire (and almost as many in ...

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Bohun, Margaret de [née Margaret of Gloucester] (c. 1121–1196/7), heiress and monastic patron, was the daughter of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford (d. 1143), and Sybil (d. after 1143), daughter and sole heir of Bernard de Neufmarché (d. c. 1125)...

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Browne [née Dacre], Magdalen, Viscountess Montagu (1538–1608), patron of Roman Catholics, was the daughter of William Dacre, third Baron Dacre of Gilsland (1500–1563), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1559), fifth daughter of George Talbot, fourth earl of Shrewsbury. Her parents and her husband came from families with strong Catholic traditions and ...

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Canynges, William (1402–1474), merchant and ecclesiastical benefactor, was one of the younger of seven children of John Canynges, clothier and merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Joan Wotton. He was born into a notably successful Bristol family. William Canynges (d. 1396) was a wealthy clothier who was five times mayor of ...

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Chichester, Sophia Catherine (1795–1847), patron of religious and political unorthodoxy, was born in London on 7 August 1795, the fifth of eight children. Her father, Sir Francis Ford (1758–1801), held estates in Barbados, and in 1793 had been created baronet on his election to ...