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Augustine [St Augustine] (d. 604), missionary and archbishop of Canterbury, was the leader of the first official Christian mission to the Anglo-Saxons. He was sent by Pope Gregory the Great, arrived in Kent in 597, and became the first archbishop of Canterbury. Nothing is known of his parentage or antecedents, beyond that he was a monk, presumably of ...

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Deusdedit [St Deusdedit, Frithona] (d. 664), archbishop of Canterbury, succeeded Honorius in March 655, after a vacancy of almost eighteen months. A West Saxon, consecrated by Ithamar, bishop of Rochester, he was the first English holder of the see. His Latin name, like that of his immediate predecessor, was that of a recent pope. It was clearly an adopted one, and in this he followed the practice of other early native English bishops. According to ...

Article

William Hunt

revised by N. P. Brooks

Honorius [St Honorius] (d. 653), archbishop of Canterbury, was, according to Bede, one of the 'disciples of St Gregory' sent to England in either 597 or 601 with the missionary groups under Augustine and Mellitus [see also Gregorian mission]. After the death of ...

Article

William Hunt

revised by N. P. Brooks

Justus [St Justus] (d. 627x31), archbishop of Canterbury, was the first bishop of Rochester and the fourth archbishop of Canterbury. Almost everything that is known about him derives from Bede's Historia ecclesiastica. He had been sent in 601 from Rome by Pope Gregory...

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Laurence [St Laurence, Lawrence] (d. 619), archbishop of Canterbury, secured the Christian foundations laid by St Augustine when the survival of the Roman mission to the English was at risk. He was one of the Roman monks who had accompanied Augustine from Rome...

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Mellitus (d. 624), archbishop of Canterbury, was the leader of the group of missionaries sent by Pope Gregory I in 601 to reinforce Augustine at Canterbury and he subsequently became the first known bishop of London (604–616/618) and later the third archbishop of ...

Article

Mary Bateson

revised by Marios Costambeys

Wigheard [Wighard] (d. 664x7), archbishop-elect of Canterbury, was a Kentish priest and cleric under Archbishop Deusdedit. Following the death of Deusdedit in July 664, he was nominated as archbishop by Ecgberht, king of Kent, and sent to Rome, where he died of the plague before he could be consecrated. The existence of a letter from ...