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William Aislabie (1699/17001700–1781) by Jonathan Richardson The Burghley House Collection

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Aislabie, William (1699/1700–1781), landscape designer and landowner, was probably born at Studley Royal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of John Aislabie (1670–1742), politician, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1700), daughter of Sir William Rawlinson of Hendon, Middlesex. Details of his education are unknown, beyond that he went on a grand tour in 1720. In 1721 he was returned as an MP for ...

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Busch, John (c. 1730–1795), nurseryman and landscape gardener, was born at Lüneburg, Hanover. Christened Johann, he later signed himself Johann Busch, John Busch, or John Bush. The family retained the spelling Busch. Although his early education and training are uncertain, it is likely that he studied gardening in ...

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Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

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Emes, William (1729/30–1803), landscape designer and gardener, whose early life is obscure, took up the post of head gardener to Sir Nathaniel Curzon at Kedleston, Derbyshire, on 8 September 1756. He remained there until 1760, perhaps leaving his post because the appointment of ...

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Francis Fuller (1807–1887) by unknown engraver, pubd 1851 (after Richard Beard) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fuller, Francis (1807–1887), surveyor and land agent, was born in Coulsdon, Surrey, on 29 June 1807, the son of John and Sarah Sayer Fuller. His father was then a substantial farmer, but by 1837 was described as a land surveyor. Francis was educated at ...

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Glenny, George (1793–1874), landscape gardener and writer on horticulture, was born on 1 November 1793 one of at least two sons of a watch-case maker in Clerkenwell, London. Apprenticed in the same trade as his father, in 1815 Glenny married the daughter of a watch-case maker. He worked at this craft at home in ...

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Graefer, John Andrew (d. 1802), horticulturist and landscape gardener, was born in Vienna but at an early age came to England, where he became a pupil of the gardener Philip Miller. He was subsequently employed as a gardener by the earl of Coventry...

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Hewett, Sir Thomas (1656–1726), architect and landowner, was born on 9 September 1656, eldest son of William Hewett, landowner, and Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Prince. After schooling at Shrewsbury School and Christ Church, Oxford, he travelled extensively on the continent, visiting France...