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Abel, John (1578/9–1675), master carpenter, was probably born and lived at Sarnesfield, Herefordshire. A Catholic recusant, he was brought before a church court in 1618 for contracting a secret marriage with his wife, Johanna. She was still alive in 1640, when she appeared in a list of recusants with her husband. Few other facts are known about ...

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Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957), town planner, was born on 6 June 1879 at Green Bank, Sale, Altrincham, one of a family of nine. His father, William Abercrombie (1838–1908), born in Bradford, was a Manchester stockbroker and businessman, with literary and artistic interests; his mother, ...

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Sir (Leslie) Patrick Abercrombie (1879–1957) by Howard Coster, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abraham, Robert (1775–1850), architect, was born in the parish of St Pancras, London, on 12 February 1775, the son of John Abraham, builder, and his wife, Mary, née Mottershead. He became a pupil under the surveyor James Bowen, and began his professional life as a ...

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Adam, George (fl. 1826–1828), journeyman carpenter and trade unionist, is a figure about whose personal life nothing is known. He became one of the leaders of a group of radical artisan trade unionists in London who campaigned for political reform, workers' education, and legislation in the interests of labour over strikes, wages, machinery, and free trade. The chief episode which brought them together was the agitation led by ...

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See Adam, Robert

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Adam, John (1721–1792), architect, was born in Edinburgh. He was the eldest of the four sons of the entrepreneur and architect William Adam (bap. 1689, d. 1748) and his wife, Mary Robertson (1699–1761). He attended Dalkeith grammar school. His father's sudden death in 1748 propelled him into the main stream of Scottish life during the ...

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John Adam (1721–1792) by James Tassie, 1791 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robert Adam (1728–1792) attrib. George Willison, c. 1770–74 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adam, Robert (1728–1792), architect, was born at Kirkcaldy in Fife on 3 July 1728, the second son of William Adam (bap. 1689, d. 1748), architect, and his wife, Mary Robertson (1699–1761), the daughter of William Robertson of Gladney. He was educated at the high school of ...