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Abercromby, John (supp. fl. 1561), Benedictine monk, is recorded only in Thomas Dempster's Historia ecclesiastica, a lengthy compilation of short biographies which sometimes have a substratum of fact, but more often no factual basis whatever. Dempster's few lines on Abercromby are vague. He adds 'I think' (...

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See Ælfric of Eynsham [Ælfric Grammaticus, Ælfric the Homilist]

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Aelsinus (fl. c. 1023–c. 1031), Benedictine monk and scribe of New Minster, Winchester, is known only because, unusually, he identified himself in one of his own productions. In a cryptic colophon in British Library, MS Cotton Titus D.xxvii, fol. 13v, he used the common code of replacing every vowel with the consonant that follows it. Decoded, the first section of the note reads: 'Frater humillimus et monachus ...

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Ailnoth [Ælnoth] (fl. c. 1085–c. 1122), Benedictine monk and hagiographer, was an Englishman, from Canterbury, who spent his ecclesiastical career in Denmark. He was perhaps prior of the community of St Cnut at Odense, which was founded in 1095 as a daughter house of the Benedictine abbey of ...

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David Baker (1575–1641) after William Faithorne the elder? © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baker, David [name in religion Augustine] (1575–1641), Benedictine monk and mystical writer, was born in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, on 9 December 1575, the thirteenth and youngest child of William Baker (d. 1606), receiver-general of the barony of Abergavenny and recorder of the borough—two positions which at this time were virtually hereditary in the ...

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Banke, Alexander (c. 1467–1531?), abbot of Furness, probably belonged to a prominent local family of that name, several of whose members were listed in a rental compiled around the time of the abbey's dissolution. His rule of Furness, the second richest Cistercian abbey in ...

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Bardney, Richard (fl. 1485/6–1519), Benedictine monk and author, is probably to be identified with the prior studentium (the academic superior of a college or hostel) of that name recorded at Cambridge in 1485–6, and with the Richard Barney, also prior studentium and with the degree of BTh, whose name is entered in a copy of ...

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Barking, Adam of (fl. c. 1176–c. 1200), Benedictine monk and religious poet, was, according to John Leland, a monk of Sherborne, Dorset. Leland's account can be partly verified: he credits Adam with a poem De serie sex aetatum, which can be identified with one in Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 277; quite late in the poem the author names himself ...

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Barkworth [alias Lambert], Mark (bap. 1570, d. 1601), Benedictine monk and martyr, was baptized at Searby, Lincolnshire, in April 1570. Nothing is known of his parents. Searby church records seem to indicate that his brother George was baptized in March 1576. When he was young a woman gifted with prophecy told ...