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Patrick Adamson (1537–1592) by unknown artist, 1569 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adamson [Constantine], Patrick (1537–1592), archbishop of St Andrews, was born, probably in Perth, in March 1537. He was said to have been the son of a baker, but his grandfather Dionysius Adamson or Constantine was town clerk of Perth in the late fifteenth century, while his father, ...

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Burnet, Alexander (1615–1684), archbishop of St Andrews, was baptized in Edinburgh on 6 August 1615, the younger of two sons of James Burnet, minister of Lauder from 1615, and his wife, Christian, daughter of George Dundas of that ilk, and kin to the ...

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Cairncross, Alexander (c. 1637–1701), archbishop of Glasgow, was the son of George Cairncross (d. 1667), a dyer burgess of the Canongate, Edinburgh, and his wife, Christian Ogilvie (d. 1668). A tradition records that from financial necessity he followed his father's trade, but he graduated MA at ...

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Douglas, John (c. 1500–1574), archbishop of St Andrews and educational reformer, was born in Longnewton, Roxburghshire, the son of Robert Douglas. His cousin Hugh Douglas was the son of William Douglas of Bon-Jedburgh, but nothing else is known of John Douglas before he matriculated in ...

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Gledstanes [Gladstanes], George (c. 1562–1615), archbishop of St Andrews, was a son of Herbert Gladstanes (d. 1569?), town clerk and bailie of Dundee. He was educated at Dundee grammar school and at the University of St Andrews, where he graduated MA in 1580, probably aged about eighteen. He may subsequently have studied theology under ...

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Law, James (d. 1632), archbishop of Glasgow, was the son of James Law of Spittal, a portioner of Lathrisk, Fife, and Agnes Strang of the family of Balcaskie, Fife, and brother of Andrew Law, later minister of Neilston parish church, Renfrewshire. He graduated MA from the ...

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Robert Leighton (bap. 1612, d. 1684) by Robert White © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Leighton, Robert (bap. 1612, d. 1684), archbishop of Glasgow, was baptized on 1 October 1612 at St Nicholas's, Newcastle upon Tyne, probably the second son of Alexander Leighton (c. 1570–1649), then lecturer in the town, and his first wife (d. before 1625), whose previous husband was called ...

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Lindsay, Patrick (1566–1644), archbishop of Glasgow, was the son of Alexander Lindsay, portioner of Monikie, Forfarshire, and Jean, daughter of Alexander Guthrie the younger of that ilk. After graduating MA from St Andrews University in 1587 he was appointed minister of Guthrie in 1588. He was translated to ...