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Abbot, George (1562–1633), archbishop of Canterbury, was born on 29 October 1562 in the parish of St Nicholas, Guildford, Surrey, the fourth of six sons of Maurice Abbot (1519/20–1606), shearman (clothworker), and Alice, née Marsh or March (1525/6–1606). His parents were committed protestants who, according to ...

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George Abbot (1562–1633) after unknown artist, 1623 [copy] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abbot, Robert (1559/60–1618), bishop of Salisbury, was born at Guildford, Surrey, 'in a house now an ale-house bearing the sign of the three mariners, by the river side, near to the bridge, on the north side of the street, in St Nicholas's parish...

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Robert Abbot (1559/6060–1618) by unknown artist, 1615–18 collection Maidstone Museum and Art Gallery; Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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W. G. D. Fletcher

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Abraham, Charles John (1814–1903), bishop of Wellington, New Zealand, born on 17 June 1814 at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, was the second son of Captain Thomas Abraham of the 16th regiment, who was on the staff there, and Louisa Susannah, daughter of ...

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Charles John Abraham (1814–1903) by Francis Holl (after George Richmond) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acca [St Acca] (d. 740), bishop of Hexham, is best known as the disciple of Wilfrid and patron of Bede. He became a monk at an unknown date and joined the household of Bishop Bosa of York after 678; but he seems to have attached himself to ...

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Adair, Archibald (d. 1647), Church of Ireland bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was the fourth son of Ninian Adair (fl. 1588), laird of Kinhilt in Galloway, and Catherine Agnew of Lochnaw, also in Galloway. He matriculated at St Andrews University in 1593 and graduated MA in 1596. He appears to have been presented to the vicarage of ...

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Patrick Adamson (1537–1592) by unknown artist, 1569 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adamson [Constantine], Patrick (1537–1592), archbishop of St Andrews, was born, probably in Perth, in March 1537. He was said to have been the son of a baker, but his grandfather Dionysius Adamson or Constantine was town clerk of Perth in the late fifteenth century, while his father, ...