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Aston [Ashton], John (d. in or before 1407), Lollard preacher, was an early disciple of John Wyclif. A native of Worcester diocese, from 1365 to 1372 he was paid as a fellow of Merton College (which produced a large number of Wycliffites), and in 1372 was appointed a royal commissioner to settle a dispute at the university over the election of proctors. He gained the degrees of master of arts and scholar of theology. His career as a Wycliffite preacher had begun by 1382, if not earlier. The ...

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Badby, John (d. 1410), Lollard heretic, was a craftsman (possibly a tailor or smith) of the diocese of Worcester, who achieved notoriety by his uninhibited denial of the doctrine of transubstantiation. Charged before his bishop, Thomas Peverell, on 2 January 1409, Badby insisted that the bread in the eucharist was not, and could not be, miraculously transformed into ...

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Ball, John (d. 1381), chaplain and leader of the peasants' revolt, was of obscure origins. He had been an itinerant radical preacher for nearly twenty years before the revolt. He described himself, in letters circulated during the rising, as 'seynte marye prist' and 'som tyme seynte marie prest of ...

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Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

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See Lollard women

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Boughton, Joan (c. 1414–1494), Wycliffite heretic, is known only from accounts of her death. The fullest of these, in the great chronicle of London, records that she was a widow and mother, and describes her as 'an old cankyrd heretyke that dotid For age', being at least eighty years old. The chronicle's bitterly hostile account reports that she was a disciple of ...

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Bryhtwell [Bryghtwell], Thomas (d. 1390), ecclesiastic and suspected heretic, was born in the diocese of Salisbury, possibly at either Brightwell or Britwell, both in Berkshire, the son of John Welle. First recorded in 1364, as a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, he was a fellow of ...

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Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...

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Cheyne, Sir John (d. 1414), diplomat, heretic, and speaker-elect of the House of Commons, of unknown parentage, was a scion of the family of Cheyne of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire. Almost certainly a younger son, he was probably intended for a career in the church. ...

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Christina von Nolcken

Claydon, John (d. 1415), heretic, is first certainly recorded on 9 June 1386, when with five others he stood surety for John Northampton, formerly a controversial mayor of London, and for Northampton's associates John More and Richard Norbury. He may also have been the ...