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Acherley, Roger (bap. 1662?, d. 1740), political writer and lawyer, was the son of John Acherley of Stanwardine, in the parish of Baschurch, Shropshire; he may have been Roger Atcherley, son of John and Mary Atcherley, who was baptized at Baschurch on 23 December 1662. He entered the ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allen, John (1771–1843), political and historical writer, was born at Redford, in the parish of Colinton, near Edinburgh, on 3 February 1771. His father, James Allen, a writer to the signet and the owner of the small estate of Redford, became bankrupt, but after his death the son, through the aid of his mother's family and the liberality of her second husband, was educated privately. He was apprenticed to an ...

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Amhurst, Nicholas (1697–1742), satirist and political writer, was born on 16 October 1697 at Marden, Kent, the first son of Edward Amhurst (bap. 1665, d. 1713), grazier, and grandson of George Amhurst, rector of Marden. His mother, Martha, née Simmonds (1664–1699), died before he was two years old. He was educated at ...

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Arnall, William [pseud. Francis Walsingham] (d. 1736), political writer, is of unknown parentage and upbringing. He trained as a lawyer before, in 1728, he took up writing for the government at Sir Robert Walpole's personal request, having 'vouchsafed' the prime minister's protection before '[his] twentieth year' (...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

Article

Leslie Stephen

revised by Philip Carter

Baron, Richard (d. 1768), literary editor and political writer, was born at Leeds, and educated at Glasgow University between October 1737 and May 1740. He left with a testimonial signed by Francis Hutcheson and Robert Simpson. Baron became a friend of Thomas Gordon...

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Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm of Baxter & Co., parliamentary lawyers, of Westminster. He was a collateral descendant of ...

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Belsham, William (1752–1827), political writer and historian, was born in Bedford, the fourth son of the Revd James Belsham (d. 1770), dissenting minister, and Ann(e) Woodward (d. 1780), daughter of Thomas Woodward, a Bedford brewer. His eldest brother, Thomas Belsham, later became a prominent Unitarian minister. Keenly interested in politics, ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Berkeley, Robert (1713–1804), political writer, was the son of Thomas Berkeley of Spetchley Park, Worcestershire, and Mary Davis, of Clytha, Monmouthshire. He was the author of Considerations on the Oath of Supremacy and Considerations on the Declaration Against Transubstantiation, both addressed to Josiah Tucker...

Article

Blair, Eric Arthur [pseud. George Orwell] (1903–1950), political writer and essayist, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, on 25 June 1903, the only son of Richard Walmesley Blair (1857–1938), a sub-deputy opium agent in the government of Bengal, and his wife, Ida Mabel Limouzin (1875–1943)...