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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balogh, Thomas, Baron Balogh (1905–1985), political economist, was born in Budapest, Hungary, on 2 November 1905, the elder son and elder child of Emil Balogh, director of the transport board, Budapest, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Professor Bernard Levy, of Berlin and ...

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Burton, John Hill (1809–1881), historian and political economist, was born in the Gallowgate, Aberdeen, on 22 August 1809, the second of six children of William Kinninmont Burton (d. 1819), a lieutenant in the army, and of Elizabeth (d. 1848), daughter of ...

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Cazenove, John (1788–1879), merchant and political economist, was born in London on 12 May 1788. He was the third son of James Cazenove (1744–1827), a merchant of French Huguenot origin, who emigrated from Geneva and married (1781) Marie-Anne Sophie Houssemayne Du Boulay, daughter of the pastor of the French church in ...

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Jennett Humphreys

revised by Anita McConnell

Chapman, John (1801–1854), engineer and political economist, was born at Loughborough, Leicestershire, on 20 January 1801, the eldest of the three surviving sons of John Chapman, clockmaker of that town. He received his education first at a school kept by Mr Mowbray, and then under the ...