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Adams, Mary Jane Bridges- [née Mary Jane Daltry] (1854–1939), socialist and educationist, was born on 19 October 1854 at Maesycwmer, Bedwas, Monmouthshire, south Wales, the daughter of William Daltry, an engine fitter, and his wife, Margaret Jones. She was born into a family of civil engineers, and her father later held an appointment at the ...

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Adams, Maurice (1850–1935), socialist and moral philosopher, was the youngest child of John Botroele Adams, a general agent who specialized in building and insurance work. His elder sister Mary had been born nine years earlier in Birmingham. After leaving school, Adams qualified as a chartered insurance broker and joined his father's firm, which became ...

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Adderley, James Granville (1861–1942), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist, was born on 1 July 1861 at Hams Hall, Warwickshire, the fifth and youngest son of Charles Bowyer Adderley, first Baron Norton (1814–1905), and his wife, Julia Anne Eliza (d. 1887)...

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James Granville Adderley (1861–1942) by Lafayette, 1932 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist, was born on 22 May 1876 at Ridley Mill, Broomley, near Stocksfield, in rural Northumberland. She was the daughter of John Boland Atkinson, inspector of mines, and his wife, Jane, née Elliott (b. 1853), feminist and militant suffragette; she had four brothers and one sister. Her parents were, as she later said, progressive and sympathetic on female education and employment. As a young woman, however, she chafed against restrictive middle-class Victorian behaviour and dress; she considered the bicycle 'the first great emancipation' for women (...

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Ball, Sidney (1857–1918), socialist and educational reformer, was born on 20 April 1857 at Perrott House, Bridge Street, Pershore, Worcestershire, the second of seven children of Edwin Ball (d. 1867), solicitor, and his wife, Mary Ann (d. 1899), daughter of Owen Ffoulkes...

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Barbour [née Rough], Mary (1875–1958), labour activist and politician, was born on 22 February 1875 in Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, third of the seven children born to James Rough, carpet weaver, and his wife, Jane Gavin. After being educated locally, Mary left school at the age of fourteen. She began work as a thread twister in ...

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Barmby [née Watkins], Catherine Isabella [pseud. Kate] (1816/17–1853), utopian socialist and writer on women's emancipation, was the daughter of Bridstock Watkins, a government officer. Little is known of her early life, but like most women of lower-middle class backgrounds she seems to have had some education, certainly enough to assist her in becoming an effective writer and lecturer....

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Barmby, (John) Goodwyn (1820–1881), Chartist and socialist, was born at Yoxford in Suffolk and was baptized on 12 November 1820. His father, John, a solicitor, married to Julia, died when he was fourteen years old. Goodwyn—he never used his first Christian name—had no formal school education but read widely. He eschewed the professions and followed a career of social and political radicalism, reputedly addressing small audiences of agricultural labourers when aged sixteen....

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Barnes [née Cappuccio], Annie (c. 1887–1982), socialist and suffragist, probably born in Stepney, was the eldest of the twelve children of Lorenzo Cappuccio (c.1868–1935) and his wife, Antonietta (c.1865–1910). Her birth was unregistered, as were those of all her siblings until that of her youngest sister in 1909. It is likely that her father was an immigrant from ...