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Adams, Samuel (1722–1803), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 27 September 1722, one of three children (who survived to adulthood) of Samuel Adams (1689–1748) of Boston and his wife, Mary, née Fifield (d. after 1748). Adams inherited his political activism from his father, a brewer and member of the ...

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Samuel Adams (1722–1803) by John Singleton Copley, c. 1772 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Aiken, Francis Thomas [Frank] (1898–1983), Irish revolutionary and politician, was born on 13 February 1898 at Carrickbracken, Camlough, co. Armagh, into a well-to-do farming family. He was the son of a James Aiken and his wife, Mary McGeeney. As well as being a farmer, his father was also a builder, responsible for many churches in ...

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Aldred, Guy Alfred (1886–1963), anarchist and political propagandist, was born on 5 November 1886 at 24 Corporation Buildings, Farringdon Road, Clerkenwell, London, the son of Arthur Alfred Aldred (b. 1864/5), a dramatist, and his wife, Ada Caroline Holdsworth (b. 1866/7). His father had deserted his family by 1892, and he was brought up by his mother, a parasol maker; his maternal grandfather, ...

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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Arundell, Humphrey (1512/13–1550), rebel, was born in 1512 or 1513, being twenty-three in 1536, the son and heir of Roger Arundell (d. 1536), landowner, of Helland, Cornwall, and his wife, Joanne or Joan (d. 1537), daughter of Humphrey Calwodely. Roger Arundell...

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Ashe, John (1725–1781), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 24 March 1725 in Beaufort county, North Carolina, the eldest son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), and his wife, Elizabeth Swann. His father, a lawyer and member of the governor's council, owned extensive property in ...

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Ashe, Samuel (1725–1813), politician and judge in the United States of America, was born near Bath, Beaufort county, North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), a native of Wiltshire and a lawyer, and Elizabeth Swann (d. 1729). At the time of ...

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Aske, Robert (c. 1500–1537), lawyer and rebel, was the third son of Sir Robert Aske (d. 1529), landowner, of Aughton, near Selby, Yorkshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Clifford, ninth Baron Clifford, and his wife, Margaret. His elder brother John Aske (...

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Aveling, Edward Bibbens (1849–1898), Marxist campaigner, was born on 29 November 1849 at 6 Nelson Terrace, Stoke Newington, the fifth of eight children of Thomas William Baxter Aveling (1815–1884), Congregationalist minister, and his wife, Mary Ann (d. 1877), daughter of Thomas Goodall...