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Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician, was born on 11 August 1892 in Błonie, in the county of Kutno, in Russian Poland. The eldest of four sons of Catholic parents, he attended secondary school in Warsaw, and moved with the family to ...

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Sir Alexander John Ball, baronet (1756–1809) by unknown engraver, pubd 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ball, Sir Alexander John, baronet (1756–1809), naval officer and politician in Malta, was born on 22 July 1756 at Ebworth Park, Painswick, Gloucestershire, the son of Robert Ball (1714/15–1766), high sheriff of that county, and Mary, née Dickinson. He attended Market House School...

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Berezovsky, Boris Abramovich (1946–2013), entrepreneur and politician, was born in Moscow on 23 January 1946, the son of Abram Markovich Berezovsky (1911–1979), a Jewish civil engineer, and his wife, Anna Aleksandrovna, née Gelman (1923–2013), a nurse. His life started in academic obscurity. After flunking his mathematics examinations for ...

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Bernstorff, Andreas Gottlieb von, Baron Bernstorff in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1649–1726), politician and diplomat, was born on 2 March 1649 ns in Ratzeburg, then in the duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, in northern Germany, the second son of Andreas von Bernstorff (1604–1655)...

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Biggs, Matilda Ashurst (1816/17–1866), campaigner for women's rights and supporter of Italian independence, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the second daughter of William Henry Ashurst (d. 1855) and his wife, Elizabeth Ann Brown (d. 1854), of Muswell Hill, Middlesex. Elizabeth Ann Ashurst (known as Eliza)...

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See Biggs, Matilda Ashurst

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Matthew Lee

Blind, Karl (1826–1907), political refugee and author, was born of middle-class parents in Mannheim, in the grand duchy of Baden, Germany, on 4 September 1826. He was educated at the Lyceum, Mannheim, and then at Karlsruhe, where he won gold and silver medals; he proceeded with a scholarship to ...

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Boffa, Sir Paul (1890–1962), prime minister of Malta, was born in Vittoriosa, Malta, on 30 June 1890, the son of Carmelo Boffa and his wife, Carmela, née Serracino. After attending the lyceum in Valletta and the University of Malta he graduated as a medical doctor in 1913. During the First World War he served with the ...

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Boxshall, Edwin George (1897–1984), Balkan specialist and intelligence officer, was born on 4 February 1897 in Bucharest, the only son and younger child of William George Boxshall (d. 1918), a butcher's son who ran a small ironworks in Romania, and his wife, ...