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Aitken, William (1812?–1869), Chartist and factory reformer, was born in a barrack room near Dunbar, possibly on 2 June 1812, the youngest but one of nine children of Scottish parents, natives of Duns. His father, originally a cordwainer, served thirty years in the army and rose to the rank of sergeant-major. After leaving the army ...

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Ashton, William (c. 1806–1877), Chartist, was born in the Yorkshire linen-weaving and coal-mining town of Barnsley about 1806. His father was an Englishman, and a linen weaver, and his mother was an Irish Catholic. Ashton always identified strongly with his mother's nation and faith and often spoke of himself as an Irishman....

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Barmby, (John) Goodwyn (1820–1881), Chartist and socialist, was born at Yoxford in Suffolk and was baptized on 12 November 1820. His father, John, a solicitor, married to Julia, died when he was fourteen years old. Goodwyn—he never used his first Christian name—had no formal school education but read widely. He eschewed the professions and followed a career of social and political radicalism, reputedly addressing small audiences of agricultural labourers when aged sixteen....

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Beaumont, Augustus Hardin (1798–1838), journalist and Chartist, was born in New York on 29 August 1798, the second of three sons of Arthur Chichester Beaumont (d. 1806/7), who had been on the medical staff of the British army during the American War of Independence. His mother, whose name was ...

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Cook, Samuel (1786–1861), Chartist, was born on 15 July 1786 at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, the son of Samuel Cook, a cloth manufacturer, and his wife, Amy. After his apprenticeship with a draper at Poole, Cook sought work in London, Birmingham, and Manchester. In 1810 he married ...

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Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer, was born on 20 March 1805 in Leicester, the illegitimate son of a dyer. His mother continued working as a dyer after the early death of Cooper's father, which indicates that the relationship was more than transitory. Living in ...

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Cuffay, William (bap. 1788, d. 1870), Chartist, was born in Chatham and baptized there on 6 July 1788, one of at least three children of Chatham Cuffay and his wife, Juliana. His grandfather was an African sold into slavery; Cuffay (sometimes spelt Cuffey, Cuffy, or Coffey...

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Fraser, John (1794–1879), Chartist and publisher, was born in Johnstone, Renfrewshire, the younger of two sons of Thomas Fraser and Isabella McIntosh, both of whom came originally from Inverness-shire. His father, who had been pressed into the navy and had been a prisoner for a time during the American War of Independence, acquired some medical knowledge and started business as a druggist in ...

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Frost, John (1784–1877), Chartist, was born at Newport, Monmouthshire, on 25 May 1784, the son of John Frost and his wife, Sarah, landlady of the Royal Oak public house in Mill Street, Newport. His father died when John was very young and his mother remarried twice. Aged about sixteen, ...

Image

John Frost (1784–1877) by William Read, 1839 (after unknown artist) © National Portrait Gallery, London