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Alcock, John (1430–1500), administrator and bishop of Ely, was born at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of William Alcock of Hull. Alcock received his early schooling in the grammar school attached to Beverley Minster, and then attended Cambridge University. DCL by 1459, he began his career in local diocesan administration in ...

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Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was the third son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), the daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of ...

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Audley, Thomas, Baron Audley of Walden (1487/8–1544), lord chancellor, was born at Hay House, Earls Colne, Essex, the son of Geoffrey Audley, administrator, of Berechurch, Essex. At an unknown date he was sent to Buckingham College, Cambridge, which he re-established as Magdalene College...

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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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H. A. Tipping

revised by M. C. Buck

Baldock, Ralph (d. 1313), administrator and bishop of London, was first recorded in February 1275, when he was admitted as rector of Little Woolstone in Buckinghamshire. In St Paul's he held, probably successively, the prebendal stalls of Holborn and Newington and is also found as prebendary of ...

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Baldock, Robert (d. 1327), administrator, was of obscure origins, but was probably born in Baldock in Hertfordshire. He was an executor, and almost certainly a relative, of Ralph Baldock (d. 1313), bishop of London (1306–13) whose family name, the Pauline annalist suggests, was ...

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Bathurst, Henry, second Earl Bathurst (1714–1794), lord chancellor, was born on 20 May 1714, the second son of Allen Bathurst, first Earl Bathurst (1684–1775), and his wife, Catherine (bap. 1688, d. 1768), daughter of Sir Peter Apsley of Apsley, Sussex, and his wife, ...

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Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...