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Basset, Philip (d. 1271), justiciar and royalist nobleman, was a younger son and eventually—on the death of his brother, Fulk Basset, bishop of London, in 1259—heir of Alan Basset, lord of Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. Despite a strong family tradition of royal service, which Basset...

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Bermingham, John, earl of Louth (c. 1290–1329), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the eldest of at least four legitimate sons of Peter Bermingham of Tethmoy (d. 1308) and Ela, one of four daughters and coheirs of William de Odingsells of Maxstoke, Warwickshire...

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Bigod, Hugh (b. in or before 1220, d. 1266), baron and justiciar, was a younger son of Hugh (II) Bigod, earl of Norfolk, who died in 1225. His mother was Matilda (or Maud; d. 1248), the eldest daughter and eventual coheir of William Marshal, ...

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Burgh, Hubert de, earl of Kent (c. 1170–1243), justiciar, has been wrongly said to have been the son of a brother of William fitz Aldhelm, steward of Henry II. It is possible, though doubtful, that his father was the Walter whose daughter Adelina...

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Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent (c. 1170–1243) drawing The British Library

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Burgh, Richard de (d. 1243), justiciar of Ireland, was the son of William de Burgh (d. 1206) and his wife, the daughter of Domnall Mór Ó Briain, king of Thomond, who married in 1193. The de Burgh family came from Norfolk. William, the brother of ...

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Butler, Edmund, earl of Carrick (d. 1321), justiciar of Ireland, was a younger son of Theobald Butler (d. 1285), butler of Ireland, and Joan, daughter of John Fitzgeoffrey. He may have visited England as early as 1289, and was certainly of age at the death of his childless elder brother, ...

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Butler, James, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the only surviving son of James Butler, the first earl of Ormond (c. 1305–1338), and his wife, Eleanor de Bohun (d. 1363), a granddaughter of Edward I. His kinship to ...

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Butler, James, third earl of Ormond (c. 1360–1405), magnate and justiciar of Ireland, was the son of James Butler, second earl of Ormond (1331–1382), and Elizabeth (d. 1390), daughter of Sir John Darcy. He was about twenty-three when he was granted custody of his lands on 2 March 1383. As head of a great lordship centred on ...

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Carew, Sir John (d. 1362), soldier and justiciar of Ireland, was a son of the second marriage of Sir John Carew (d. 1324), who held Carew in Pembrokeshire, Moulsford in Berkshire, lands in Devon and Hampshire, and Idrone, Carlow, and other Irish properties which the family had acquired in the late twelfth century by grants made to ...