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James Hamilton, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575) attrib. Arnold Bronckorst, 1578 in the collection of Lennoxlove House; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland, was born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Hamilton, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), and his second wife, Janet Beaton (...

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Quincy, Roger de, earl of Winchester (c. 1195–1264), constable of Scotland, was the second son of Saer de Quincy, earl of Winchester (d. 1219), and Margaret de Breteuil, younger daughter of Robert de Breteuil, earl of Leicester (d. 1190). Roger had four brothers and three sisters. His elder brother, ...

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Randolph, Thomas, first earl of Moray (d. 1332), soldier and guardian of Scotland, was the son of Sir Thomas Randolph of Stichill, Roxburghshire, and of a daughter of Marjory, countess of Carrick, and her first husband, Adam of Kilconquhar. Thomas's mother was half-sister to ...

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Soulis, Sir John (d. before 1310), administrator and guardian of Scotland, was the second son of Nicholas de Soulis, lord of Liddesdale and butler of Scotland, and younger brother of William, justiciar of Lothian, who died c.1292–3. John appears from about 1280 in the shadow of his elder brother, but from 1284, by then a knight, as a royal servant on the embassy which arranged the marriage of ...

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Stewart, Robert, first duke of Albany (c. 1340–1420), prince and governor of Scotland, was the third son of Robert II (1316–1390), son of Walter Stewart [see under Stewart family (per. c. 1110-c. 1350)], and his first wife, Elizabeth Mure (d...

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Wallace, Sir William (d. 1305), patriot and guardian of Scotland, is a man whose origins, once thought secure, have now become uncertain.

The name Wallace originally meant a Welshman, and William's descent has been confidently traced from a Ricardus Wallensis, or Richard Wallace...