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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Blake, Sophia Louisa Jex- (1840–1912), physician and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 21 January 1840 at 3 Croft Place, Hastings, Sussex. She was the youngest of the three surviving children of Thomas Jex-Blake (1790–1868), proctor of Doctors' Commons, and his wife, ...

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Ferris, Elizabeth Anne Esther [Liz] (1940–2012), diver, doctor, and campaigner for gender equality in sport, was born on 19 November 1940 at the Mary Stanley Nursing Home in Bridgwater, Somerset, the second of three daughters and third of four children of Roy Ferris (1903–1975)...

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Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician, was born on 4 August 1908 at 18 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire, the eldest son in the family of seven children of Isaac Godber (1874–1957), market gardener, and his wife, Bessie Maud, née Chapman (1883/4–1957), florist. A younger brother, ...

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Hawes, William (1736–1808), philanthropist and physician, was born on 28 November 1736 at the Thatched House tavern, midway between Astey's Row and Cross Street, Islington, the son of the landlord, Thomas Hawes. Educated first at John Shield's academy, Islington, he became a scholar at ...

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Hodgkin, Thomas (1798–1866), physician and social reformer, was born on 17 August 1798 in Pentonville, London, the third of the four sons (two died young) of John Hodgkin (1766–1845), calligrapher and teacher, and his wife, Elizabeth (1768–1833), daughter of Richard Peters Rickman and his wife, ...

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Lettsom, John Coakley (1744–1815), physician and philanthropist, was born on 22 November 1744 at Little Vandyke, one of the Virgin Islands, West Indies, the son of Edward Lettsom, plantation owner, and his wife, Mary née Coakley. The Lettsoms were a Quaker family, originally from ...

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...

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Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples, was born on 8 October 1882 at 8 Rum Lane, in Kingston, Jamaica, the eldest of six children of Charles Ernest Moody (1861–1920) and his wife, née Christina Emmeline Ellis (...

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Oliver, William (1695–1764), physician and philanthropist, born at Ludgvan, Cornwall, on 4 August 1695, was baptized on 27 August 1695, and described as the son of John Oliver. The suggestion that he was the illegitimate child of William Oliver (bap. 1658, d. 1716)...

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Parkes, Edmund Alexander (1819–1876), physician and hygienist, was born in Bloxham, Oxfordshire, on 29 March 1819, one of the sons of William (1788–1840) and Frances Parkes, née Byerley (1786–1842) [see under Byerley, Maria], of Warwick. His father was a textile manufacturer and his mother, the daughter of ...

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Phipson, (Mary) Edith Pechey- (1845–1908), physician and women's rights activist, was born Mary Edith Pechey on 7 October 1845 in the village of Langham, near Colchester, Essex, the sixth child and third daughter of the Revd William Pechey (d. 1888), Baptist minister at ...

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Radcliffe, John (bap. 1650, d. 1714), physician and philanthropist, was born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, the son of George Radcliffe, governor of the Wakefield house of correction (1647–61) and a man of strong republican principles, and Sarah, daughter of Mr Louder, a prosperous Wakefield...

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Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement, was born on 22 June 1918 at Linden Lodge, Bedford Avenue, Barnet, Hertfordshire, the daughter of (Philip) Gordon Saunders (d. 1961), land surveyor, and his wife, Mary Christian, ...

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Stopes [married name Roe], Marie Charlotte Carmichael (1880–1958), sexologist and advocate of birth control, was born at 3 Abercromby Place, Edinburgh, on 15 October 1880, the elder daughter of Henry Stopes (c.1852–1902), an architect from a wealthy brewing family who was interested in archaeology, and his wife, ...