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Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge, was born at Flixborough, Lincolnshire, the third son of Edward Anderson, landowner, and his wife, Joan Clayton. He was descended from Northumberland gentry but the family migrated to Lincolnshire before he was born. Anderson is said to have spent a brief period at ...

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Bowyer, Sir George, seventh baronet (1811–1883), jurist and politician, was born on 8 October 1811 at Radley Park, near Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest son of Sir George Bowyer, sixth baronet (1783–1860), of Denham Court, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Anne Hammond, daughter of Captain Sir Andrew Snape Douglas RN...

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Fawkes, Guy (bap. 1570, d. 1606), conspirator, only son and second child of Edward Fawkes (d. 1579) of York and his wife, Edith Jackson, was born in the Stonegate district of York and baptized at the church of St Michael-le-Belfrey on 16 April 1570. ...

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Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (d...

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Herbert Stephen

revised by P. R. Glazebrook

Hawkins, Henry, Baron Brampton (1817–1907), judge, was born at Hitchin on 14 September 1817, the son of John Hawkins, a solicitor with a considerable ‘family’ practice, and his wife, Susanna, daughter of Theed Pearse, clerk of the peace of Bedfordshire. After attending Bedford School...

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Longworth, Maria Theresa (1833–1881), plaintiff in a case of disputed marriage and author, was born at Cheetwood, near Manchester, the youngest of six children of Thomas Longworth, silk manufacturer, and his wife, Ann, née Fox. Thomas Longworth's business, and at one time his residence also, was in a large house at the corner of ...

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Lopez [Lopes], Roderigo [Ruy, Roger] (c. 1517–1594), physician and alleged conspirator, was born in Portugal, where his father, António Lopes, was physician to João III. A New Christian, or son of a Jew baptized by force in 1497, he studied at the University of Coimbra...

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Murray, Sir (John) Hubert Plunkett (1861–1940), colonial governor and judge, was born on 29 December 1861, in Manly, near Sydney, New South Wales, the elder son of Dublin-born Sir Terence Aubrey Murray (1810–1873) and his second wife, Agnes Ann (c.1835–1891)...

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Oates, Titus (1649–1705), informer, was born at Oakham, Rutland, a younger son of Samuel Oates (bap. 1614, d. 1683), Baptist preacher, and his wife, Lucy (d. in or after 1697), a midwife from Hastings. His father, son of a Church of England...

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Parker, William, thirteenth Baron Morley and fifth or first Baron Monteagle (1574/5–1622), discoverer of the Gunpowder Plot, was the son and heir of Edward Parker, twelfth Baron Morley (1551?–1618), and Elizabeth (d. 1585), regarded by contemporaries as suo jure Baroness Monteagle, daughter of ...

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Percy, Thomas (1560–1605), conspirator, was a younger son of Edward Percy (c.1524–1590) of Beverley and Elizabeth Waterton. His grandfather, Josceline Percy (d. 1532), was fourth son of Henry Percy, fourth earl of Northumberland. Little is known of Percy's early life, following matriculation from ...

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Vassall [later Phillips], (William) John Christopher (1924–1996), Admiralty official and spy, was born on 20 September 1924 at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, where his father, William Vassall, was a long-serving chaplain and his mother, Mabel Andrea Sellicks, was a nurse. Educated at a boarding-school at ...