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Backhouse family (per. c. 1770–1945), naturalists and horticulturists, came to prominence with James [i] Backhouse (1721–1798), who founded the Backhouse Bank in Darlington, co. Durham, in 1774 with his sons Jonathan (1747–1826) and James [ii] (1757–1804). It was Jonathan Backhouse who initiated the family's connection with horticulture, by following the mid-eighteenth-century fashion for large-scale tree planting on his estates at ...

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Bloom, Alan Herbert Vauser (1906–2005), horticulturist, was born on 19 November 1906 in Over, near Swavesey, Cambridgeshire, the son of Charles Herbert Bloom, grocer and draper, and later market gardener, and his wife, Katherine Annie Jane, née Whitworth. His father's family is thought to have been descended from Huguenots who had come to ...

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Bowles, Edward Augustus [Gussie] (1865–1954), horticulturist and watercolour painter, was born on 14 May 1865 at Myddelton House, Bull's Cross, Enfield, Middlesex, the fourth of five children of Henry Carrington Bowles Bowles (formerly Treacher; 1830–1918), a landowner and governor of the New River Company...

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Coltman, William Harold (1891–1974), soldier and gardener, was born at The Common, Tatenhill, Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire, on 17 November 1891, the fourth son of Charles Coltman (1851/2–1903), gardener's labourer, and his wife, Annie, née Gopsill. He left school aged thirteen, and helped his mother to support the family after his father's death, working as a journeyman market gardener. On 8 January 1913 he married, at Burton upon Trent record office, ...

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Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist, was born at 45 Cambridge Terrace, London, on 8 June 1836, the eldest daughter of Edward Ernest Villiers (1806–1843), younger brother of the fourth earl of Clarendon, and his wife, ...

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Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author, was born at 16 Eastbank, Stamford Hill, London, on 5 August 1892, the second of the four daughters of Ernest Townshend (d. 1926), City of London commercial traveller in tea, and his wife, ...

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Gibbs, Vicary (1853–1932), genealogist and gardener, was born at Hampstead, Middlesex, on 12 May 1853, the second surviving son of the prominent banker Henry Hucks Gibbs (1819–1907) and his wife, Louisa Anne (d. 1897), third daughter of Dr William Adams. He was great-great-nephew of the judge ...

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Hanbury, William (1725–1778), Church of England clergyman and horticulturist, was born at Bedworth, Warwickshire, on 26 September 1725 and baptized there on 10 October, the son of William Hanbury (d. 1750) of that parish and later of Foleshill and his wife, Ann, ...

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Havergal, (Grace) Beatrix Helen (1901–1980), horticulturist and teacher, was born on 7 July 1901 at Roydon Manor House near Bressingham, Norfolk, the second of three children of the Revd Clement Havergal (1858–1941), vicar of Bressingham, and his wife, Eveline Mary Barrett (1869–1931). The children had a happy life despite friction between their father, an eccentric and repressive character, and their artistic and romantic mother. In 1902 the family moved to ...

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J. G. S. Harris

revised by John Martin

Hillier, Sir Harold George (1905–1985), horticulturist, was born at Culross, Romsey Road, Winchester, on 2 January 1905, the second son in a family of three sons and two daughters of Edwin Lawrence Hillier (1865–1944), nurseryman and head of the family firm, Hillier Nurseries...

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Jekyll, Gertrude (1843–1932), artist and garden designer, was born at 2 Grafton Street, London, on 29 November 1843, and baptized at St George's, Hanover Square, the fifth of seven children and the second daughter of Edward Joseph Hill Jekyll (1804–1876), a retired captain in the ...

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Jones, Kathleen Letitia Lloyd (1898–1978), garden designer and nurserywoman, was born on 4 June 1898 at Rotherslade House at Oystermouth on the Gower peninsula in Glamorgan. Known as Kitty, she was the ninth of the ten children of Arthur Lloyd Jones (1853–1932), a physician and surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Loddiges, George (1786–1846), nurseryman, was born on 12 March 1786 in Hackney, Middlesex, the second of two surviving sons—he also had at least three sisters, two of whom died in childhood—of Joachim Conrad Loddiges (c.1738–1826), a native of Hanover and the founder of the ...

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McLaren [née Pochin], Laura Elizabeth, Lady Aberconway (1854–1933), campaigner for women's rights and horticulturist, was born at Camp Street, Broughton, Lancashire, on 14 May 1854, the only surviving daughter of Henry Davis Pochin (1824–1895), industrial chemist and MP, and his wife, Agnes Pochin, ...

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M'Intosh, Charles (1794–1864), horticulturist, was born at Abercairney in the parish of Fowlis Wester, near Crieff, Perthshire, on 8 August 1794, the son of John M'Intosh and his wife, Muntague, née Ladden. He was descended from a line of gardeners: his grandfather, great-grandfather, and great-great-grandfather had been gardeners to the ...

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Nevill [née Walpole], Lady Dorothy Fanny (1826–1913), hostess and horticulturist, was born on 1 April 1826 at 11 Berkeley Square, London. She was the youngest in the family of three sons and two daughters of Horatio Walpole, third earl of Orford, and his wife, ...

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Renton [née Robertson], Dorothy Graham (1898–1966), gardener, was born at 15 Marshall Place, Perth, on 7 April 1898, the daughter of William Robertson, medical practitioner and medical officer of health, and his wife, Robina, née Conacher. She married in Edinburgh, on 11 September 1922, ...

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Robinson, William (1838–1935), horticulturist and publisher, was born on 15 July 1838 in Ireland, the son of William Robinson and his wife, Catherine, née Farrell (c.1818–1892). While reticent about his origins, Robinson did acknowledge that he came from Ireland: he 'kept an affection for his native land, but seldom came back to ...

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Ryder, Samuel (1858–1936), seed merchant and golf sponsor, was born on 24 March 1858 at Walton-le-Dale near Preston in Lancashire, the first son of Samuel Ryder (1823/4–1904), a gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Martin (1822/3–1904), a dressmaker. He had three elder and two younger sisters and two younger brothers. He attended ...

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Salisbury [formerly Markham], Richard Anthony (1761–1829), botanist and horticulturist, was born in Leeds on 2 May 1761, the only son (there were also two daughters) of Richard Markham, a Leeds cloth merchant. His mother was descended from Jonathan Laycock of Shaw Hill...