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Adam, William (1751–1839), politician and advocate, was born on 2 August 1751, the son of John Adam (1721–1792), architect, of Blair Adam, Kinross-shire, and Jean (1721–1795), daughter of John Ramsay of Woodstone, Kincardineshire; he was the nephew of the architects Robert and James Adam...

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Aitken, James [alias John the Painter] (1752–1777), radical and arsonist, was born in Edinburgh on 28 September 1752 to George Aitken, a blacksmith, and his wife, Magdalen. The eighth of twelve children, James qualified for admission as an impoverished student to Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh...

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Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen, a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle. Her sister, Mrs Hampton...

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S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of Mohan, Oudh, and his wife, the daughter of Shamsuddin Khan...

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Bacon, Sir Nicholas (1510–1579), lawyer and administrator, was born on Childermas day (28 December) 1510, the second son and one of the five children of Robert Bacon (d. 1548), yeoman and sheep-reeve to the abbot of Bury St Edmunds, and his wife, ...

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Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 12 May 1804 at York, Upper Canada, the eldest of the five sons of William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), also a lawyer and politician in Canada, and his wife, (Margaret) Phoebe Willcocks (1771–1851)...

Article

C. L. Falkiner

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Ball, John Thomas (1815–1898), judge, born in Dublin on 24 July 1815, was the eldest son of Major Benjamin Marcus Ball (1789–1841) and Elizabeth (1789–1838), daughter of Cuthbert Feltus of Hollybrook, co. Carlow. His father was an officer who served with distinction in the ...

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Bhownaggree, Sir Mancherjee Merwanjee (1851–1933), lawyer and politician, was born at Bombay on 15 August 1851, the son of Merwanjee N. Bhownaggree (d. c.1872), a Parsi merchant in Bombay of Persian origin, and his wife Cooverbai (d. 1896). Bhownaggree's father had risen from obscurity as a small-town postmaster to become head of the ...

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Bing, Geoffrey Henry Cecil (1909–1977), barrister and politician, was born on 24 July 1909 at Craigavad near Belfast, the only son and elder child of Geoffrey Bing, headmaster of Rockport School and Orange lodge supporter, of Rockport, Craigavad, co. Down, and his wife, ...

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Blake, (Dominick) Edward (1833–1912), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 13 October 1833 at a homestead at Bear River, Adelaide township, Middlesex county, Upper Canada, the elder son of William Hume Blake (1809–1870) and his wife, Catherine (1804/5–1886), the daughter of ...

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Bonney, John Augustus (1763–1813), lawyer and political reformer, was born in London on 16 June 1763, and baptized on 20 June at St James's, Piccadilly, London. He was the youngest of the nine children of Thomas Bonney (1710–1764), rector of St Mary Axe, London...

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Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937), lawyer and prime minister of Canada, was born in Grand Pré, in the Annapolis valley, Nova Scotia, on 26 June 1854, the eldest son of Andrew Borden (1816–1900), a farmer and railway station master, and his wife, Eunice Jane (...

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Bowyer, Sir George, seventh baronet (1811–1883), jurist and politician, was born on 8 October 1811 at Radley Park, near Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest son of Sir George Bowyer, sixth baronet (1783–1860), of Denham Court, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Anne Hammond, daughter of Captain Sir Andrew Snape Douglas RN...

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Bradford, Sir Edward Ridley Colborne, first baronet (1836–1911), administrator in India and police officer, was born on 27 July 1836 at Hambleden Cottage, Buckinghamshire, the second son of William Mussage Kirkwall Bradford (1806–1872), who was rector successively of Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire; Weeke, Hampshire...

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...