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Cakebread, Jane (1827/1828–1898), inebriate and subject of medical enquiry, was born in Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, the daughter of James Cakebread (1783/4–1852), a carpenter and carter originally from Clavering, Essex, and his wife, Susan (1793/4–1863) of Sawbridgeworth. The eldest surviving daughter in a large family, ...

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Faulds, Henry (1843–1930), general practitioner and developer of fingerprinting, was born on 1 June 1843 at Beith, Ayrshire, the son of William Pollock Faulds, an impoverished grocer, and his wife, Anne Cameron. Both sides of his family were of Scottish descent. After school at ...

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Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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Herschel, Sir William James, second baronet (1833–1917), developer of fingerprinting and judge, was born on 9 January 1833, probably in Slough, the eldest child of the three sons and nine daughters of Sir John Herschel, first baronet (1792–1871), astronomer and chemist, and his wife, ...

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Littlejohn, Sir Henry Duncan (1826–1914), medical officer of health and expert in forensic medicine, was born on 8 May 1826 at the family home, 33 Leith Street, Edinburgh, the seventh of the nine children of Thomas Littlejohn, master baker and a burgess of ...

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Lopez [Lopes], Roderigo [Ruy, Roger] (c. 1517–1594), physician and alleged conspirator, was born in Portugal, where his father, António Lopes, was physician to João III. A New Christian, or son of a Jew baptized by force in 1497, he studied at the University of Coimbra...

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McNaughtan [McNaghten], Daniel (1802/3–1865), criminal lunatic, born in Scotland (probably in Glasgow), was a wood-turner and political radical in Glasgow prior to the events of 20 January 1843 which earned him a place in the legal history of the plea of insanity, as the eponymist of the ...

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Spilsbury, Sir Bernard Henry (1877–1947), forensic pathologist, was born on 16 May 1877 at 35 Bath Street, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, the eldest of the three children of James Spilsbury, a manufacturing chemist, and his wife, Marion Elizabeth, formerly Joy, of Stafford.