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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Blake, Sophia Louisa Jex- (1840–1912), physician and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 21 January 1840 at 3 Croft Place, Hastings, Sussex. She was the youngest of the three surviving children of Thomas Jex-Blake (1790–1868), proctor of Doctors' Commons, and his wife, ...

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Bryans [née Gilmour], Dame Anne Margaret (1909–2004), charity worker and hospital governor, was born at 9 Atholl Crescent, Edinburgh, on 29 October 1909, the elder child of Sir John Gilmour of Lundin and Montrave, second baronet (1876–1940), politician, and his first wife, ...

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Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and Marie (d. 1638), daughter of George Evanes of St Albans, Hertfordshire...

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Burdett, Sir Henry Charles (1847–1920), philanthropist and hospital reformer, was born on 18 March 1847 at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Halford Robert Burdett (1813–1864), a clergyman in the parish of Gilmorton, Leicestershire, and his wife, Alsina, née Brailsford, from Lincolnshire. The Burdett...

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Ellis, (Henry) Havelock (1859–1939), writer and sexologist, was born on 2 February 1859 at 1 St John's Grove, Croydon, Surrey, the eldest child and only son of Edward Peppern Ellis (1827–1914), a sea captain, and his wife, Susannah Mary (1829–1888), whose father, John Wheatley...

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Ferris, Elizabeth Anne Esther [Liz] (1940–2012), diver, doctor, and campaigner for gender equality in sport, was born on 19 November 1940 at the Mary Stanley Nursing Home in Bridgwater, Somerset, the second of three daughters and third of four children of Roy Ferris (1903–1975)...

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician, was born on 4 August 1908 at 18 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire, the eldest son in the family of seven children of Isaac Godber (1874–1957), market gardener, and his wife, Bessie Maud, née Chapman (1883/4–1957), florist. A younger brother, ...

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Grenfell, Sir Wilfred Thomason (1865–1940), medical missionary and social reformer, was born at Parkgate, Cheshire, on 28 February 1865, the second of the four sons of the Revd Algernon Sidney Grenfell (1836–1887), headmaster and proprietor of Mostyn House School, Parkgate, and later chaplain of the ...

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Hawes, William (1736–1808), philanthropist and physician, was born on 28 November 1736 at the Thatched House tavern, midway between Astey's Row and Cross Street, Islington, the son of the landlord, Thomas Hawes. Educated first at John Shield's academy, Islington, he became a scholar at ...

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Heriot, George (1563–1624), jeweller and philanthropist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 June 1563, the eldest son of George Heriot (1539/40–1610), goldsmith and MP, of Edinburgh and his first wife, Elizabeth Balderstone. Heriot was apprenticed to his father's trade, and on 14 January 1586 he was contracted to marry ...

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Hickman, Henry (1800–1830), promoter of anaesthesia, was born at Lady Halton in the parish of Bromfield, Shropshire, on 27 January 1800. He was the fifth son and seventh child in the family of eight sons and five daughters of John Hickman, farmer (also clerk of the course at ...

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Hodgkin, Thomas (1798–1866), physician and social reformer, was born on 17 August 1798 in Pentonville, London, the third of the four sons (two died young) of John Hodgkin (1766–1845), calligrapher and teacher, and his wife, Elizabeth (1768–1833), daughter of Richard Peters Rickman and his wife, ...

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Holloway, Thomas (1800–1883), manufacturer of patent medicines and philanthropist, was born on 22 September 1800 at Devonport, the eldest of six children and elder of two sons of Thomas Holloway (d. 1836), a baker formerly in the Royal Navy, and his wife, ...

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Lankester, Edwin (1814–1874), public health reformer and natural historian, was born on 23 April 1814 at Melton, near Woodbridge, Suffolk. His father, William Lankester (1791–1818), was a builder who died of tuberculosis at the age of twenty-seven leaving his widow, Susan, née Taylor...

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Lettsom, John Coakley (1744–1815), physician and philanthropist, was born on 22 November 1744 at Little Vandyke, one of the Virgin Islands, West Indies, the son of Edward Lettsom, plantation owner, and his wife, Mary née Coakley. The Lettsoms were a Quaker family, originally from ...

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...