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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Baillie, Robert, of Jerviswood (d. 1684), conspirator, was the son of George Baillie of St John's Kirk, Lanarkshire, of the Lamington Baillies, and the nephew of the covenanter leader, Archibald Johnston of Wariston. Of presbyterian principles, he was, according to his cousin, Gilbert Burnet...

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bedloe, William (1650–1680), informer and adventurer, was the second son of Isaac Bedloe (d. 1656). William Bedloe was born in Chepstow on 20 May 1650 and spent his early life both there and in Bristol. Much of his early life was deliberately clouded in obscurity. His own published account of his parentage and ancestry remains dubious. He claimed that his father had been a gentleman soldier who had served the king in the civil wars and whose own father was ...

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Bellingham, John (1770–1812), assassin, was born in St Neots in Huntingdonshire, the younger child and only son of a London land surveyor and miniature painter and his wife, Elizabeth Searbrow, of St Neots gentry stock. His father became mentally ill in 1779, and died a year later. At fourteen ...

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

Article

Michael Kitson

revised by Miranda Carter

Blunt, Anthony Frederick (1907–1983), art historian and spy, was born at Holy Trinity vicarage, Bournemouth, Hampshire, on 26 September 1907, the third and youngest son (there were no daughters) of the Revd (Arthur) Stanley Vaughan Blunt (1870–1929) and his wife, Hilda Violet (1880–1969)...

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Burgess, Guy Francis de Moncy (1911–1963), spy, was born on 16 April 1911 at 2 Albemarle Villas, Devonport, the elder son of Commander Malcolm Kingsford de Moncy Burgess RN and his wife, Evelyn Mary, daughter of William Gillman, gentleman. Burgess's father died in 1924 and his mother subsequently married ...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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Carew, Sir Peter (1514?–1575), soldier and conspirator, was the third son of Sir William Carew (c.1483–1536) of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Joan (d. 1554), daughter of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham and his second wife, Mary. The eldest son, ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by R. V. Comerford

Carey, James (1837–1883), Fenian and informer, was the son of Francis Carey, a bricklayer, who migrated from Celbridge, co. Kildare, to Dublin. There his wife (whose name is not known) kept a lodging-house in James Street, where James was born to them. He had at least one brother. ...

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Croft, Sir James (c. 1518–1590), lord deputy of Ireland and conspirator, was the eldest surviving son of Richard Croft (d. 1562) of Croft Castle, Herefordshire, and his second wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir Richard Herbert of Montgomery. His great-grandfather Sir Richard Croft (d. 1509)...

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Davidson, William (1786–1820), conspirator, was born in Jamaica, the second son of the attorney-general of Jamaica and an unnamed black woman. Educated there until age fourteen, William was sent to England, despite his mother's protests, to complete his education. Arriving in a country seething with revolutionary fervour, ...

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Deane, Richard (bap. 1610, d. 1653), army and naval officer and regicide, was baptized on 8 July 1610 in the parish church of Guiting Power, a younger son of Edward Deane (d. before 1653) of Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire, and his second wife, ...

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Ervine, David Walter (1953–2007), paramilitary and politician, was born on 21 July 1953 at 11 Chamberlain Street, Belfast, the third son and youngest of the five children of Walter Ervine, engineering worker, and his wife, Elizabeth (Dolly), née Tate. As a boy he attended Sunday school at the local Presbyterian church but gradually drifted away from formal religious observance. He was educated at ...

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Esterhazy, Charles-Marie-Ferdinand [Ferdinand] Walsin- (1847–1923), traitor and exile, was born at 23 rue de Cluny, Paris, on 19 December 1847, the son of Louis-Joseph-Ferdinand Esterhazy (1807–1857), colonel (later general) in the French army, and Marie-Thérèse-Zélie Dequeux de Beauval (1822–1865). His grandfather Jean-Marie-Auguste-Walsin (...

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Fawkes, Guy (bap. 1570, d. 1606), conspirator, only son and second child of Edward Fawkes (d. 1579) of York and his wife, Edith Jackson, was born in the Stonegate district of York and baptized at the church of St Michael-le-Belfrey on 16 April 1570. ...