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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 709/10), abbot of Malmesbury, bishop of Sherborne, and scholar, was a prolific Latin author whose idiosyncratic style of composition in the media of prose and verse, both metrical and rhythmical, was profoundly influential both in England and on the continent up to the Norman conquest. His life is moderately well documented: ...

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Algarotti, Francesco, Count Algarotti in the Prussian nobility (1712–1764), poet and scholar, was born on 11 December 1712 in the family home in Venice on the Fondamenta Nuove, the second son of Rocco Algarotti (d. 1726) and his wife, Maria Mercati. His father was a prosperous merchant of Paduan origin, settled in ...

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Asquith, Raymond (1878–1916), scholar and army officer, was born on 6 November 1878 in John Street, Hampstead, the eldest of the five children of Herbert Henry Asquith (1852–1928), later prime minister and first earl of Oxford and Asquith, and his first wife, Helen (...

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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...

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Berlin, Sir Isaiah (1909–1997), philosopher and historian of ideas, was born on 6 June 1909 in Riga, Latvia, then part of the Russian empire, the son of Mendel Borisovitch Berlin (1884–1953), a prosperous timber merchant whose main business was supplying wooden sleepers for the Russian railways, and his wife, ...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Bradshaw, Henry (1831–1886), librarian and scholar, the third son and fifth child of Joseph Hoare Bradshaw and Catherine, daughter of Richard Stewart of Ballintoy, co. Antrim, was born at 2 Artillery Place, Finsbury Square, London, on 2 February 1831. His father, a partner in ...

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Bronowski, Jacob (1908–1974), mathematician, poet, and humanist, was born on 18 January 1908 in Łódź, Poland, the first of the three children of Abram Bronowski, haberdasher, and his wife, Celia Flatto. During the First World War the family lived in Germany, and in 1920 they moved to ...

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Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine, was born on 14 August 1599 in Geneva, the tenth of the seventeen children of Isaac Casaubon (1559–1614), classical scholar and church historian, and his second wife, Florence (1568?–1636), daughter of Henri Estienne. Meric was the most scholarly of ...

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Cecil [née Cooke], Mildred, Lady Burghley (1526–1589), noblewoman and scholar, was born in 1526, the eldest of five daughters and four sons of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), Edward VI's tutor, of Gidea Hall in Essex, and Anne (d. 1553), daughter of ...

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Clarke, Adam (1762–1832), Wesleyan Methodist minister and scholar, was born in Moybeg, Kilcronaghan parish, co. Londonderry. His father, an Anglican, was a village schoolmaster and farmer; his mother was a Presbyterian. His childhood consisted of a series of life-threatening mishaps. He was educated locally, fell under the influence of the Methodists in 1778, and met ...

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Colebrooke, Henry Thomas (1765–1837), administrator in India and scholar, was born in London on 15 June 1765, youngest son of Sir George Colebrooke, second baronet (1729–1809), banker and for four years chairman of the East India Company (1769–73), and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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Dalgairns, John Dobrée [name in religion Bernard] (1818–1876), Roman Catholic priest and scholar, was born on Guernsey on 21 October 1818, the eldest of the six children (three boys and three girls) of William Dalgairns (b. c.1790), an officer in the ...

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Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes (1862–1932), scholar and advocate of a league of nations, was born on 6 August 1862 at Langham Chambers, near Oxford Circus, London, the third of the five children of Lowes Cato Dickinson (1819–1908) and his wife, Margaret Ellen (d...

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Dodwell, Henry (1641–1711), scholar and theologian, was born in late October 1641 in the parish of St Warburgh, Dublin, the only surviving son of William Dodwell (d. 1650), army officer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1651), daughter of Sir Francis Slingsby...

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Gordon, George Hamilton-, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), prime minister and scholar, first child of six sons and a daughter of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte (or Charles; d. 1795), the youngest daughter of William Baird of Newbyth, Haddingtonshire...

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Hooper, George (1640–1727), bishop of Bath and Wells and scholar, was born on 18 November 1640 at Grimley, Worcestershire, the son of George Hooper, of a lesser landed gentry family, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Edmund Giles of White Ladies Aston, Worcestershire...

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[Anon.]

revised by R. D. Collison Black

Ingram, John Kells (1823–1907), scholar and economist, born at the rectory of Temple Carne, near Pettigo, Donegal, on 7 July 1823, was the eldest son of William Ingram (1771–1829), then curate of the parish, and his wife, Elizabeth Cooke. Thomas Dunbar Ingram was his younger brother. The family was descended from Scottish Presbyterians who settled in ...

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Isham, Sir Justinian, second baronet (1611–1675), scholar and politician, was born on 20 January 1611 at Lamport Hall, Lamport, Northamptonshire, and was baptized at Lamport on 3 February. He was the third child and only son of Sir John Isham, first baronet (1582–1651)...

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James, Montague Rhodes (1862–1936), college head, scholar, and author, was born at Goodnestone in Kent on 1 August 1862, the fourth and youngest child of Herbert James (1822–1909) and his wife of fifteen years, Mary Emily Horton (1818–1898). When Monty (as he was familiarly known) was three years old his father, a high-minded country parson, became rector of ...