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Adam, William (1751–1839), politician and advocate, was born on 2 August 1751, the son of John Adam (1721–1792), architect, of Blair Adam, Kinross-shire, and Jean (1721–1795), daughter of John Ramsay of Woodstone, Kincardineshire; he was the nephew of the architects Robert and James Adam...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bhownaggree, Sir Mancherjee Merwanjee (1851–1933), lawyer and politician, was born at Bombay on 15 August 1851, the son of Merwanjee N. Bhownaggree (d. c.1872), a Parsi merchant in Bombay of Persian origin, and his wife Cooverbai (d. 1896). Bhownaggree's father had risen from obscurity as a small-town postmaster to become head of the ...

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Bing, Geoffrey Henry Cecil (1909–1977), barrister and politician, was born on 24 July 1909 at Craigavad near Belfast, the only son and elder child of Geoffrey Bing, headmaster of Rockport School and Orange lodge supporter, of Rockport, Craigavad, co. Down, and his wife, ...

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Bowyer, Sir George, seventh baronet (1811–1883), jurist and politician, was born on 8 October 1811 at Radley Park, near Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest son of Sir George Bowyer, sixth baronet (1783–1860), of Denham Court, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Anne Hammond, daughter of Captain Sir Andrew Snape Douglas RN...

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Browne, Arthur (1756?–1805), lawyer and politician, was born in Newport, Rhode Island, son of the Revd Marmaduke Browne (1731–1771) and his wife, Anne Franklin (d. 1767). Marmaduke Browne had been educated at Trinity College, Dublin; commissioned by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG)...

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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Budgen, Nicholas William (1937–1998), barrister and politician, was born on 3 November 1937 at 50 Palace Road, Streatham, London, the son of George Nicholas Budgen (d. 1942), businessman, and his wife, Mary Helen, née Bather. He was baptized into the Church of England...

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Buller, Reginald Edward Manningham-, first Viscount Dilhorne (1905–1980), lawyer and politician, was born at Latimer House, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, on 1 August 1905, the eldest of five children and the only son of Sir Mervyn Manningham-Buller, third baronet (1876–1956), a soldier and later MP, and his wife, ...

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Burrowes, Peter (1753–1841), barrister and politician, was born at Portarlington, Queen's county, in 1753. There are no clear details as to his parentage and close family relatives, but in a letter of 9 May 1822 Lawrence Parsons, second earl of Rosse, informed John Freeman-Mitford, ...

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Butcher, John George, Baron Danesfort (1851–1935), lawyer and politician, was born in Killarney, co. Kerry, on 15 November 1851, the second and younger son among the six children of Samuel Butcher (1811–1876), Church of Ireland bishop of Meath, and his wife, Mary, née...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Butt, Isaac (1813–1879), politician and lawyer, was the only son of the Revd Robert Butt (d. 1829), rector of Stranorlar, co. Donegal, and his wife, Berkeley, a daughter of the Revd R. Cox of Dovish, co. Donegal, through whom he also claimed descent from ...

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Campbell, Sir Ilay, of Succoth, first baronet (1734–1823), judge and politician, was born in Edinburgh on 23 August 1734, the eldest of four sons of Archibald Campbell of Succoth (d. 1790), a principal clerk of session and writer to the signet, and his wife, ...

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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Carson, Edward Henry, Baron Carson (1854–1935), politician and lawyer, was born in Harcourt Street, Dublin, on 9 February 1854, the second son of Edward Henry Carson, architect and civil engineer, and Isabella Lambert of Castle Ellen, Athenry, co. Galway. His family was typical of the Irish protestant, or ‘Anglo-Irish’ people, with its mixture of professional and landed backgrounds....

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Cave, George, Viscount Cave (1856–1928), lawyer and politician, was born on 23 February 1856 at 67 Cheapside, London, the second son of Thomas Cave (1825–1894), a City of London merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (1827/8–1925), daughter of Jasper Shallcrass of Banstead, Surrey, who were married in 1849. ...

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M. M. Macnaghten

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Clarke, Sir Edward George (1841–1931), lawyer and politician, was the eldest son and third of the six children of Job Grey Clarke and his wife, Frances, daughter of Henry George, of Bath. His father, who came from Axbridge in Somerset, kept a small silversmith's shop in ...