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Ambedkar [formerly Ambavadekar], Bhimrao Ramji (1891–1956), politician, was born at Mhow in central India on 14 April 1891, the youngest of the fourteen children of Ramji Maloji Sakpal, a subahdar-major in the British Indian army and headmaster in a military school, and his wife, ...

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Aung San (1915–1947), politician in Burma, was born on 13 February 1915 at Natmauk, a small town in the Magwe district of central Burma, the youngest of nine children of U Pha, lawyer, and his wife, Daw Su. A sickly child but a gifted student, he was educated as a novice in a Buddhist monastic school and then at a high school to which he won a government scholarship. He was already interested in politics and adept at public speaking when he went to ...

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Bandaranaike, Solomon West Ridgeway Dias (1899–1959), prime minister of Ceylon, was born on 8 January 1899 at the family home in Horagolla, Veyangoda, the only son of Sir Solomon Dias Bandaranaike (1862–1946) and his wife, Daisy Ezline, daughter of Sir Solomon Christoffel Obeyesekere...

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Churchill, Arabella Spencer [Bella] (1949–2007), festival and charity founder, was born on 30 October 1949 at 12 Catherine Place, Westminster, London, the only daughter of Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer Churchill (1911–1968), journalist and politician, and his second wife, June Hermione, née Osborne (1922–1980)...

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Clark, Raymond [Ossie] (1942–1996), fashion designer, was born on 9 June 1942 at 107 Rice Lane, Walton Park, Liverpool, the youngest of the six children of Samuel Duncan Clark, a storesman in the Royal Navy victualling department, and his wife, Ann Grace Williams...

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Durrell, Lawrence George (1912–1990), novelist and poet, was born on 27 February 1912 at Jullundur in the Punjab, India, the first of the five children of Lawrence Samuel Durrell (1884–1928), a civil engineer then with the railway system, and his wife, Louisa Florence Dixie (1884–1964)...

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Goff, Helen Lyndon [pseuds. P. L. Travers, Pamela Lyndon Travers] (1899–1996), children's writer, was born on 9 August 1899 in Maryborough, Queensland, Australia. She was the first of the three children of Travers Robert Goff (1863–1907), a London-born bank manager (later demoted to a clerk), and ...

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Murray, William Staite (1881–1962), potter and teacher of pottery, was born on 9 September 1881 at 103 High Street, Deptford, London, the third son of the six children of James Murray, merchant, and his wife, Arabella, daughter of Abel Staite, cheesemonger, of London...

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Ne Win (1911–2002), military ruler of Burma, was born Shu Maung on 14 May 1911 in Paungdale, central Burma, the son of Po Kha, a revenue surveyor, and his wife, Mi Le. His father's home was said to be a frequent stop for touring nationalist politicians despite his employment by the British colonial government. Having attended ...

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Schumacher, Ernst Friedrich [Fritz] (1911–1977), economist and writer, was born in Bonn, Germany, on 16 August 1911, the third of the five children of Hermann Albert Schumacher (1868–1952), professor of economics at Bonn and Berlin universities, and his wife, Edith Zitelmann (1884–1975). Having been educated at the ...

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Senanayake, Don Stephen (1884–1952), prime minister of Ceylon, was born in Colombo, Ceylon, on 20 October 1884, the youngest of the three sons of Mudaliyar Don Spater Senanayake and his wife, Elizabeth Catherine. His eldest brother was groomed for public life and sent to an English university. ...

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Tear, Robert (1939–2011), singer, was born on 8 March 1939 at 346 Barry Road, Barry, Glamorgan, the son of Thomas Arthur Tear (1908–1988), railway clerk, and his wife, Edith Marion, née Dodds (1910–1995). He grew up in a council house and attended Barry grammar school...

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Tenzing Norgay [known as Sherpa Tenzing] (1914–1986), mountaineer, was born in late May 1914 at Tsa-chu, in the Kharta valley of Tibet, the son of Ghang-La Mingma (d. 1949) and his wife, Kinzom. He was the eleventh of thirteen children. His family lived at ...