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Acton, Sir John Francis Edward, sixth baronet (1736–1811), naval officer and administrator in the Neapolitan service, descended from the Actons of Aldenham Hall, Shropshire, was born in Besançon, Franche Comté, France, in 1736 (baptized 3 June). His father, Dr Edward Acton (1709–1775), had settled there and married a local girl, ...

Article

Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician, was baptized on 23 February 1608 at St Andrew's, Holborn, London. He was the only son of Thomas Arundell, second Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1586–1643) [...

Article

Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

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Bréauté, Sir Falkes de (d. 1226), soldier and royal favourite, was of obscure Norman parentage. One reasonably reliable source, which described him as 'small in stature but very valiant', stated that he was the son of a Norman knight by a concubine (...

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Camoys, Thomas, Baron Camoys (c. 1350–1420/21), administrator and soldier, was the son of John Camoys and heir of his uncle Thomas, Lord Camoys. The uncle died on 11 April 1372, and his lands were given to the heir on 12 October. Camoys served with the retinue of his kinsman ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by R. V. Comerford

Carey, James (1837–1883), Fenian and informer, was the son of Francis Carey, a bricklayer, who migrated from Celbridge, co. Kildare, to Dublin. There his wife (whose name is not known) kept a lodging-house in James Street, where James was born to them. He had at least one brother. ...

Article

E. T. Williams

revised by Gary Sheffield

Carton de Wiart, Sir Adrian (1880–1963), army officer, was born in Brussels on 5 May 1880, the eldest son of Léon Constant Ghislain Carton de Wiart (1854–1915), barrister, who later moved to Cairo, and his first wife, M. I. James, who died when the boy was six. He was educated at the ...

Article

Charlton, Lionel Evelyn Oswald (1879–1958), air force officer and author, was born at 28 Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, London, on 7 July 1879, the third of the four sons of William Oswald Charlton (1850–c.1896), a diplomatist from Hesleyside, Northumberland, and his American wife, ...

Article

Coningham, Sir Arthur (1895–1948), air force officer, was born in Brisbane, Australia, on 19 January 1895, the eldest of the three children of Arthur Coningham (1863–1939), variously a chemist, tobacconist, bookmaker, and book salesman, who played cricket once for Australia against England, in 1894–5, and his wife, ...

Article

Coulshed, Dame (Mary) Frances (1904–1998), army officer, was born at 49 Lynmouth Road, Ecclesall, Sheffield, on 10 November 1904, the daughter of Wilfred Coulshed, a chemist who died when she was six years old, and his wife, Maude Mullin, a teacher. She was educated at ...