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Backhouse family (per. c. 1770–1945), naturalists and horticulturists, came to prominence with James [i] Backhouse (1721–1798), who founded the Backhouse Bank in Darlington, co. Durham, in 1774 with his sons Jonathan (1747–1826) and James [ii] (1757–1804). It was Jonathan Backhouse who initiated the family's connection with horticulture, by following the mid-eighteenth-century fashion for large-scale tree planting on his estates at ...

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

Article

Clare, John (1793–1864), poet, farm labourer, and naturalist, was born on 13 July 1793 in West Street, Helpston, Northamptonshire, the son of Parker Clare (1765–1846), a thresher and local wrestler, known as 'the lame man of Helpstone', and his wife, Ann (1757–1835)...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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Parkinson, Frank (1887–1946), electrical engineer and philanthropist, was born at Springfield, Guiseley, Wharfedale, Yorkshire, on 7 February 1887, the eldest of three children of Joseph Parkinson (1862–1902), stone mason and quarry-owner, and his wife, Ann Elizabeth, née Yeadon (b. 1861). Educated at ...

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Russell, Herbrand Arthur, eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), agriculturist and philanthropist, was born on 19 February 1858 in London, the younger son in the family of two sons and two daughters of Francis Charles Hastings Russell, ninth duke of Bedford (1819–1891) [see under...

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Salisbury [formerly Markham], Richard Anthony (1761–1829), botanist and horticulturist, was born in Leeds on 2 May 1761, the only son (there were also two daughters) of Richard Markham, a Leeds cloth merchant. His mother was descended from Jonathan Laycock of Shaw Hill...

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Slater, Sir William Kershaw (1893–1970), chemist and agricultural administrator, was born in Oldham on 19 October 1893, the only child of James Slater (d. 1922), cotton mill manager, and his wife, Mary Ann Kershaw, who came from a Yorkshire farming family. As a child, he suffered severely from asthma, and on his doctor's recommendation was sent to live with the proprietor of a small private school in ...

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Sloane, Sir Hans, baronet (1660–1753), physician and collector, was born at Killyleagh, co. Down, on 16 April 1660, the seventh son of Alexander Sloane (d. 1666). His father, a protestant, was by profession agent for James Hamilton, second Viscount Claneboye and later earl of Clanbrassill...