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Barret, Robert (fl. 1586?–1607), soldier and author, was the third and youngest son of Thomas Barrett (d. in or before 1591) of Kingswood, Wiltshire, 'Descended of the Barretts of [Pendine/Pen-tywyn]' in Carmarthenshire (Coll. Arms, Vincent MS 178 (als 157), fol. 478...

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Bowes, Sir George (1517–1545), soldier and rebel, was a posthumous son of the landowner Sir Ralph Bowes (c.1455–1516) and Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Clifford, Lord Clifford. His wardship was sold to William Eure, Lord Eure, whose daughter Muriel he married. The couple had three daughters: ...

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Bowes, Sir Robert (1493?–1555), soldier, lawyer, and rebel, was the second surviving son of Sir Ralph Bowes of Streatlam, co. Durham (d. 1512), and Marjorie (d. 1524), daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton, North Riding of Yorkshire...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by William Ronald Braithwaite

Braithwaite, John (1696–1740), soldier and diplomatist, was the second of three sons born to John Braithwaite (1666–1739), a member of a prominent Westmorland family, and his wife, Silvestra Cooke (d. 1739). In his preface to his History of the Revolutions in the Empire of Morocco...

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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George Brooke, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558) by Hans Holbein the younger The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Brooke, George, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558), soldier and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Brooke, eighth Baron Cobham (d. 1529), and his first wife, Dorothy Heydon. He accompanied his father in attending Mary Tudor to her marriage with Louis XII of France...

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Carew, Sir George (c. 1504–1545), soldier and naval commander, was the eldest son of Sir William Carew (c.1483–1536), landowner, of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Joan (d. 1554), daughter of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham, Devon, and his second wife, ...

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Chamberlayne, Sir Edward (1480–1543), gentleman and soldier, was the first son of Sir Richard Chamberlayne of Coton, Northamptonshire, and Sybil, daughter of Sir Richard Fowler of Rycote, Oxfordshire, and was baptized at Weston on 22 December 1480. The Chamberlaynes traced their lineage back to the eleventh century and the Anglo-Norman house of ...

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Chester, Edward (d. 1577), soldier, was the sixth son of Sir William Chester (c. 1509–1595?), draper, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1560), daughter of Thomas Lovett of Astwell, Northamptonshire. Little is known of Chester's youth but he probably had all the advantages a rich alderman could provide his son. His father was lord mayor of ...

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Crawford [Craufurd], Thomas (d. 1603), soldier, was the sixth son of Lawrence Crawford of Kilbirnie, north Ayrshire, who died in 1541, and his wife, Helen, daughter of Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudoun. He is remembered as a professional soldier in Scotland at a time when military affairs were handled largely on an amateur basis and there were few paid opportunities for specialists. He was employed by the government as a captain of mercenaries in the civil wars of 1571–3 when the supporters of ...

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Cromwell, Ralph (fl. 1568–1585), soldier, was from a cadet branch of the family of the barons Cromwell; his parentage is unknown. He was a minor but notable player in some of the great events of Elizabeth's reign. In 1568 Cromwell was one of the first English soldiers to join ...

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Gates, Geoffrey (fl. 1566–1580), soldier and polemicist, was the eldest son and heir of Geoffrey Gates; his mother was a Pascall of Essex. His uncle was the Essex gentleman Sir John Gates (1504–1553), captain of the guard of Edward VI and chancellor of the ...

Article

G. B. Smith

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Gordon, George, ninth marquess of Huntly (1761–1853), soldier, was the son of Charles, fourth earl of Aboyne (1726–1794), and Lady Margaret Stewart (d. 1762), third daughter of Alexander, sixth earl of Galloway. He was born at Edinburgh on 28 June 1761. Known as ...

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Harris, Benjamin Randell (1781–1858), soldier and shoemaker, was born in 1781 in Portsea, Hampshire, and was baptized on 28 October 1781. He was the eldest of the two sons of Robert Harris, a shepherd, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Randell (d. 1788)...