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Ashton [Assheton], Sir John (d. 1427), soldier and administrator, came of a gentry family which took its name from Ashton under Lyne in Lancashire, and which had estates there, as well as at Manchester, Wardle, and Alt in that county, and at Morley...

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Ashton, Sir Robert (d. 1384), soldier and administrator, came from Long Ashton in Somerset, and was the son of another Robert Ashton. The younger Robert's date of birth is uncertain, but he was already a knight in 1361. He accompanied Lionel, duke of Clarence...

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Athée, Girard d' (fl. 1198–c. 1210), mercenary and administrator, was a native of Athée near Tours in north-west France. With hostile intent, the French chronicler Guillaume le Breton claims that he was of servile birth, but in all probability he was a minor knight or subtenant of the neighbouring lord of ...

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Babthorpe, Sir Robert (d. 1436), soldier and administrator, rose to prominence in the service of the Lancastrian dynasty. The family came from Babthorpe, in the parish of Hemingbrough, Yorkshire. Details of his parentage are not easy to establish, but he seems to have been the son of ...

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Badlesmere, Sir Bartholomew (c. 1275–1322), soldier and administrator, was the son and heir of Guncelin of Badlesmere (d. 1301), of Badlesmere, Kent, and an unknown mother. Like his father, who was a royal banneret and justice of Chester from 1274 to 1281, ...

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Beauchamp, Thomas, eleventh earl of Warwick (1313/14–1369), soldier and magnate, was the son and heir of Guy de Beauchamp, tenth earl of Warwick (c. 1272–1315), and his wife, Alice Tosny, widow of Thomas Leyburn.

Beauchamp was probably born some time between August 1313 and 14 February 1314, most likely the latter date. He was no more than two years old when his father died on 12 August 1315, and the earldom thus underwent a long minority at a time of political instability. The custody of the lands of the earldom was granted on 21 June 1317 to ...

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Beauchamp, Sir Walter (d. 1430), soldier, administrator, and speaker of the House of Commons, was probably the second son of Sir John Beauchamp of Powick, Worcestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth. First recorded in 1392 as retained by Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester...

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Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and third sons of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), who was the eldest son of ...

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Beaufort, John, marquess of Dorset and marquess of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), soldier and administrator, was the first offspring of the liaison between John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403) [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. He became a staunch supporter of ...

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Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent. He succeeded to the earldom of Somerset on the death of his elder brother, ...

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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Bigod, Roger, fifth earl of Norfolk (c. 1245–1306), magnate and soldier, was the son of Hugh (III) Bigod (b. in or before 1220, d. 1266), justiciar of England. He succeeded to his father's lands in 1266, and to the earldom of Norfolk when his uncle, ...

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Bingham, Sir Richard (1527/8–1599), soldier and president of Connacht, was the third son of Robert Bingham of Melcombe-Bingham, Dorset, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Thomas Coker of Mappowder in the same county. His elder brothers were Robert and Christopher; he also had two sisters and five younger brothers, ...

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Sir Richard Bingham (1527/88–1599) by unknown artist, 1564 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blount, Charles, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), soldier and administrator, was the second son of James Blount, sixth Baron Mountjoy (1532/3–1581), nobleman [see under Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy], and his wife, Catherine (d. 1576), daughter of ...

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Charles Blount, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606) by Nicholas Hilliard, 1587 by permission of the Trustees of the Carew Pole Family Trusts; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blount, Sir Walter (d. 1403), soldier and diplomat, of Barton Blount, Derbyshire, was the third son of Sir John Blount (d. 1358) of Sodington, Worcestershire, and of his first wife, Iseult, daughter and heir of Thomas Mountjoy of Gayton, Staffordshire. Immortalized by ...

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Boteler, Ralph, first Baron Sudeley (c. 1394–1473), soldier and administrator, was the youngest surviving son of Thomas Boteler of Sudeley, Gloucestershire, and Alice (d. 1443), daughter of Sir John Beauchamp of Powick, Worcestershire. He was probably born in or about 1394. Thomas Boteler...

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...